作为当今世界的道德消费者,首先要认识到消费不仅仅包含在经济关系中,还包含在社会和政治关系中。正因为如此,我们消费的东西超出了我们生活的直接背景。当我们消费资本主义经济体系带给我们的商品或服务时,我们实际上同意这个体系的运作方式。通过购买由该系统生产的产品,我们通过参与,在整个供应链中分配利润和成本,向制造物品的人支付多少以及在顶端。我们的消费者选择不仅支持和肯定其存在的经济体系,而且还为使经济体系成为可能的全球和国家政策提供合法性。我们的消费者行为使我们同意不平等的分配权力和对我们的政治制度所促成的权利和资源的不平等获取。最后,当我们消费时,我们将自己置于与参与生产,包装,出口和进口,营销和销售我们购买的商品的所有人以及参与提供我们购买的服务的所有人之间的社会关系中。我们的消费者选择将我们以好的方式和坏的方式连接到全世界数亿人。因此,消费虽然是一种日常的,不起眼的行为,但却实际上嵌入了一个复杂的全球经济,政治和社会关系网络中。因此,我们的消费者行为具有广泛的影响。我们消费的是什么。对于我们大多数人来说,我们的消费者实践的含义仍然是无意识或潜意识的,这在很大程度上是因为它们在地理上讲与我们相去甚远。然而,当我们有意识地和批判性地思考它们时,它们可以具有不同的经济,社会和政治意义。如果我们将源于全球生产和消费的问题构建为不道德或道德腐败,那么我们就可以通过选择打破有害和破坏性模式的产品和服务来形成道德消费的途径。如果无意识消费支持并再现有问题的现状,那么具有批判意识的道德消费可以通过支持生产和消费的替代经济,社会和政治关系来挑战它。让我们来看看几个关键问题,然后考虑一下道德消费者对他们的回应是什么样的。我们消费的许多产品都是可以负担得起的,因为它们是由世界各地的低工资工人生产的,这些工人由于资本主义要求尽可能少地支付劳动力而处于贫困状态。几乎每个全球性行业都受到这个问题的困扰,包括消费电子,时尚,食品和玩具等等。通过全球商品市场销售农产品的农民,如种植咖啡和茶,可可,糖,水果和蔬菜以及谷物的农民,历史上收入过低。人权和劳工组织以及一些私营企业通过缩短生产者和消费者之间的全球供应链,努力减少这一问题。这意味着从该供应链中移除人员和组织,以便实际制造货物的人获得更多的钱。这就是公平贸易认证和直接贸易体系的运作方式,以及有机和可持续的当地食品的运作方式。它也是Fairphone的基础,是对陷入困境的移动通信行业的商业回应。在这些情况下,它不仅缩短了改善工人和生产者状况的供应链,而且还改善了工人和生产者的透明度,以及对其的监管,确保向工人支付公平价格,并确保他们安全和尊重地工作。条件。

澳大利亚迪肯大学经济学Assignment代写:道德消费者

As an ethical consumer in today’s world, we must first recognize that consumption is not only included in economic relations, but also in social and political relationships. Because of this, what we consume is beyond the direct background of our lives. When we consume the goods or services that the capitalist economy brings us, we actually agree with how the system works. By purchasing the products produced by the system, we distribute the profits and costs throughout the supply chain through participation, how much to pay to the person who manufactures the item, and at the top. Our consumer choices not only support and affirm the economic system in which they exist, but also provide legitimacy for global and national policies that make the economy possible. Our consumer behavior allows us to agree to unequal distribution of power and unequal access to rights and resources that are motivated by our political system. Finally, when we consume, we place ourselves in a social relationship with everyone involved in the production, packaging, export and import, marketing and sale of the goods we buy and the people involved in providing the services we buy. Our consumers choose to connect us to hundreds of millions of people in good and bad ways. Therefore, although consumption is a daily, inconspicuous act, it is actually embedded in a complex network of global economic, political and social relationships. Therefore, our consumer behavior has a wide impact. What are we spending? For most of us, the meaning of our consumer practice is still unconscious or subconscious, in large part because they are geographically far removed from us. However, when we think about them consciously and critically, they can have different economic, social, and political implications. If we build problems that stem from global production and consumption as immoral or moral corruption, then we can form a path to ethical consumption by choosing products and services that break harmful and destructive patterns. If unconscious consumption supports and reproduces the problematic status quo, critically ethical consumption can challenge it by supporting alternative economic, social, and political relationships between production and consumption. Let’s take a look at a few key questions and then consider what the ethical consumer responds to them. Many of the products we consume are affordable because they are produced by low-wage workers around the world who are in poverty because capitalism requires that labor be paid as little as possible. Almost every global industry suffers from this problem, including consumer electronics, fashion, food and toys. Farmers who sell agricultural products through global commodity markets, such as farmers who grow coffee and tea, cocoa, sugar, fruits and vegetables, and cereals, have historically had low incomes. Human rights and labor organizations, as well as some private companies, are working to reduce this problem by shortening the global supply chain between producers and consumers. This means removing people and organizations from the supply chain so that people who actually make the goods get more money. This is how fair trade certification and the direct trading system work, and how organic and sustainable local foods work. It is also the foundation of Fairphone and a commercial response to the troubled mobile communications industry. In these cases, it not only shortens the supply chain that improves the situation of workers and producers, but also improves the transparency and regulation of workers and producers, ensures that workers are paid a fair price, and ensures that they are safe and respectful. jobs. condition.

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