儒勒·凡尔纳于1828年出生于法国南特,似乎注定要学习法律。他的父亲是一位成功的律师,凡尔纳去了寄宿学校,后来前往巴黎,在那里他获得了1851年的法律学位。然而,在他的童年时代,他被他的第一位老师和他所分享的航海冒险和沉船的故事所吸引。经常光顾南特码头的水手们。在巴黎学习期间,凡尔纳与着名小说家亚历山大·杜马斯的儿子成为朋友。通过这种友谊,凡尔纳能够在1850年在杜马斯剧院制作他的第一部戏剧“破碎的吸管”。一年后,凡尔纳找到了就业写作杂志的文章,结合了他对旅行,历史和科学的兴趣。他的第一个故事之一,“气球之旅”(1851年)汇集了他后来的小说如此成功的元素。当凡尔纳爱上Honorine de Viane Morel时,他接受了由她的家人安排的经纪工作。这项工作的稳定收入使这对夫妇在1857年结婚,四年后他们有一个孩子,米歇尔。凡尔纳的文学生涯将在19世纪60年代真正起飞,当时他被介绍给出版商Pierre-Jules Hetzel,他是一位成功的商人,曾与19世纪法国最伟大的作家合作过,包括Victor Hugo,George Sand和HonorédeBalzac 。当Hetzel阅读Verne的第一部小说“气球中的五周”时,Verne将获得最终让他自己致力于写作的突破。 Hetzel推出了一本杂志,教育和娱乐杂志,将连续出版凡尔纳的小说。一旦最终分期付款进入杂志,这些小说将以书籍形式发布,作为非凡航行的一部分。这一努力在他的余生中占据了凡尔纳,到1905年去世时,他为该系列写了五十四部小说。朱尔斯凡尔纳在很多类型中都有写作,他的出版物包括十几部戏剧和短篇小说,无数论文和四本非小说类书籍。然而,他的名声来自他的小说。随着凡尔纳一生中出版的五十四部小说,作为非凡航行的一部分,由于他的儿子米歇尔的努力,追加了另外八部小说。凡尔纳最着名和最持久的小说写于19世纪60年代和1870年代,当时欧洲人仍在探索,并在许多情况下利用全球新的领域。凡尔纳的典型小说包括一群男人 – 通常包括一个有脑筋的人和一个有肌肉的人 – 他们开发了一种新技术,可以让他们前往异国情调和未知的地方。凡尔纳的小说将他的读者带到大陆,海洋,地球,甚至太空。气球中的五周(1863年):当这部小说出版时,气球已经存在了近一个世纪,但中心人物弗格森博士开发了一种装置,可以让他轻松改变气球的高度而不依赖于压载物这样他就能找到有利的风。弗格森和他的同伴们在他们的气球中穿越非洲大陆,一路上遇到了灭绝的动物,食人族和野蛮人。“地球中心之旅”(1864年):凡尔纳第三部小说中的人物实际上并没有真正进入地球的中心,但他们确实通过一系列地下洞穴,湖泊和河流穿越整个欧洲。 Verne创造的地下世界被发光的绿色气体所照亮,冒险遇到了从翼龙到一群乳齿象到一个12英尺高的人类的各种事物。 “地球中心之旅”是凡尔纳最耸人听闻,最不可信的作品之一,但也许出于这些原因,它仍然是他最受欢迎的作品之一。

澳大利亚国立大学文学Essay代写:儒勒·凡尔纳

Born in Nantes, France in 1828, Jules Verne seems destined to study law. His father was a successful lawyer, Verne went to boarding school and later went to Paris, where he received a law degree in 1851. However, in his childhood, he was attracted by his first teacher and the story of the nautical adventures and shipwrecks he shared. Frequent visits to the sailors at Nantes Pier. During his studies in Paris, Verne became friends with the son of the famous novelist Alexander Dumars. Through this friendship, Verne was able to produce his first drama “Broken Straw” at the Dumas Theatre in 1850. A year later, Verne found an article in the Employment Writing magazine that combined his interest in travel, history and science. One of his first stories, “Balloon Journey” (1851) brought together the elements of his later novels so successful. When Verne fell in love with Honorine de Viane Morel, he accepted a brokerage job arranged by her family. The steady income of this job made the couple married in 1857, and four years later they had a child, Michelle. Verne’s literary career will take off in the 1860s when he was introduced to the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel, a successful businessman who worked with the greatest French writers of the 19th century, including Victor Hugo. , George Sand and Honoré de Balzac. When Hetzel read Verne’s first novel, “Five Weeks in a Balloon,” Verne will get a breakthrough that will eventually make him commit himself to writing. Hetzel has launched a magazine, education and entertainment magazine that will publish Verne’s novels in succession. Once the final installment enters the magazine, these novels will be published as books as part of an extraordinary voyage. This effort occupied Verne in the rest of his life. By the time he died in 1905, he wrote fifty-four novels for the series. Jules Verne has writing in many types, and his publications include more than a dozen plays and short stories, countless papers and four non-fiction books. However, his reputation comes from his novels. With the fifty-four novels published in Verne’s life, as part of an extraordinary voyage, another eight novels were added due to the efforts of his son Michel. Verne’s most famous and enduring novels were written in the 1860s and 1870s, when Europeans were still exploring and in many cases taking advantage of new global realms. Verne’s typical novel includes a group of men – usually including a brainy person and a muscle man – who developed a new technique that allows them to travel to exotic and unknown places. Verne’s novels bring his readers to the mainland, the ocean, the earth, and even space. Five weeks in the balloon (1863): When the novel was published, the balloon had existed for nearly a century, but the central figure, Dr. Ferguson, developed a device that allowed him to easily change the height of the balloon without relying on ballast. So he can find a favorable wind. Ferguson and his companions crossed the African continent in their balloons, and met extinct animals, cannibals and barbarians along the way. “The Tour of the Earth Center” (1864): The characters in Verne’s third novel did not actually enter the center of the earth, but they did pass through a series of underground caves, lakes and rivers across Europe. The underground world created by Verne is illuminated by glowing green gas, and the adventure encounters everything from pterosaurs to a group of mastodon to a 12-foot-high human. “The Earth Center Tour” is one of Verne’s most sensational and untrustworthy works, but perhaps for these reasons, it is still one of his most popular works.

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