俄罗斯民间故事中最常见的主题是一个最常来自农民社会阶层的英雄。 这反映了民间传说起源于农民的事实，并描述了对普通民众重要的主题和人物。 这位英雄通常谦虚聪明，因善良而获得奖励，而他的对手，通常具有较高的社会地位，经常被描绘成贪婪，愚蠢和残忍。 然而，每当沙皇出现在一个故事中时，他大部分时间都是公平公正的父亲形象，他认出了英雄的真正价值并相应地奖励他。 这是俄罗斯民间传说中的一个重要点，因为它仍然是现代俄罗斯心灵的重要组成部分。 各种官员的失败往往归咎于他们的贪婪和愚蠢，而目前的统治者被认为不知道发生了什么。
The most common theme in Russian folktales is a hero most often from the peasant social class. This reflects the fact that folklore originated from peasants and describes themes and characters that are important to the general public. This hero is usually modest and intelligent, rewarded for his goodness, and his opponent, who usually has a high social status, is often portrayed as greedy, stupid and cruel. However, whenever the tsar appears in a story, he spends most of his time as a fair and just father. He recognizes the true value of the hero and rewards him accordingly. This is an important point in Russian folklore because it is still an important part of the modern Russian mind. The failure of various officials is often attributed to their greed and stupidity, and the current rulers are not aware of what happened.