美国宾夕法尼亚大学社会学论文代写:文化人类学

文化人类学的历史可以追溯到19世纪,当时像Lewis Henry Morgan和Edward Tylor这样的早期学者对文化系统的比较研究产生了兴趣。这一代人借鉴了查尔斯达尔文的理论,试图将他的进化观应用于人类文化。他们后来被解雇为所谓的“扶手椅人类学家”,因为他们的观点基于他人收集的数据,并没有亲自与他们声称要研究的团体进行亲身接触。这些观点后来被Franz Boas驳斥,后者被广泛称为美国人类学之父。博阿斯强烈谴责扶手椅人类学家对文化进化的信仰,反而认为所有文化都必须按照自己的条件而不是作为一部分加以考虑。进步模型。作为太平洋西北地区土着文化的专家,他参加了探险,他教过哥伦比亚大学教授的第一代美国人类学家。他的学生包括Margaret Mead,Alfred Kroeber,Zora Neale Hurston和Ruth Benedict。博阿斯的影响继续在文化人类学关注种族,更广泛地说,作为社会建构而非生物学基础的力量的身份。博阿斯坚决反对当时流行的科学种族主义思想,如颅相学和优生学。相反,他将种族和族裔群体之间的差异归因于社会因素。在博阿斯之后,人类学系成为美国大学的常态,文化人类学是研究的核心内容。博阿斯的学生继续在全国各地建立人类学系,包括在西北大学启动该项目的Melville Herskovits和加州大学伯克利分校的第一位人类学教授Alfred Kroeber。玛格丽特米德继续成为国际知名人士,无论是作为人类学家还是学者。该领域在美国和其他地方越来越受欢迎,让位于新一代极具影响力的人类学家如ClaudeLévi-Strauss和Clifford Geertz。 美国宾夕法尼亚大学社会学论文代写:文化人类学 Cultural anthropology’s roots date back to the 1800s, when early scholars like Lewis Henry Morgan and Edward Tylor became interested in the comparative study of cultural systems. This generation drew on the theories of Charles Darwin, attempting to apply his concept of evolution to human culture. They were later dismissed as so-called “armchair anthropologists,” since they based their ideas on data collected by others and did not personally engage first-hand with the groups they claimed to study. These ideas were later refuted by Franz Boas, who is widely hailed as the father of anthropology in the U.S. Boas strongly denounced the armchair anthropologists’ belief in cultural evolution, arguing instead that all cultures had to be considered on their own terms and not as part of a progress model. An expert in the indigenous cultures of the Pacific Northwest, where he participated in expeditions, he taught what would become...
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澳大利亚墨尔本大学艺术论文代写:艺术贡献

除了他自己的艺术贡献之外,还有几个因素共同帮助杰克逊波洛克成为艺术巨头和传奇人物。他的男子气概强硬,上镜的牛仔形象与叛逆的电影明星詹姆斯·迪恩相似,而且他在一次酒精狂欢的高速单车撞车中死亡,他的情妇和另一个人作为乘客他的故事的浪漫。他的妻子李克拉斯纳(Lee Krasner)的死亡情况以及对他的财产的巧妙处理,为他的工作和整个艺术市场提供了动力。在他的一生中,波洛克经常隐居,符合美国在第二次世界大战后所钦佩的唯一艺术家和英雄的神话。他的形象随着纽约艺术商业和文化的发展而增长。波洛克于1929年以17岁的身份来到纽约市,正当现代艺术博物馆开幕,艺术界蓬勃发展。 1943年,艺术收藏家/社交名媛佩吉古根海姆(Peggy Guggenheim)通过委托他为她的曼哈顿联排别墅的门厅画一幅壁画,给了他很大的突破。她签约给他每月150美元这样做,让他完全专注于绘画。作品“壁画”将波洛克推向了艺术世界的最前沿。这是他有史以来最大的画作,他第一次使用房屋涂料,虽然仍然使用刷子,但试图用油漆涂抹。它引起了着名艺术评论家克莱门特格林伯格的注意,他后来说,“我看了一眼壁画,我知道杰克逊是这个国家最伟大的画家。”此后,格林伯格和古根海姆成为波洛克的朋友,拥护者和推动者。一些人甚至已经证实,中央情报局正在使用抽象表现主义作为冷战武器,秘密推广和资助世界各地的运动和展览,以展示美国的知识分子自由主义和文化力量,而不是意识形态的一致性和刚性。俄罗斯共产主义。 澳大利亚墨尔本大学艺术论文代写:艺术贡献 In addition to his own artistic contributions, there are several factors that help Jackson Pollock become an art giant and legend. His masculinity is tough, the cowboy image on the mirror is similar to the rebellious movie star James Dean, and he died in a high-speed bicycle crash in an alcoholic carnival, his mistress and another person as a passenger his story romance. The death of his wife, Lee Krasner, and the clever handling of his property provided the impetus for his work and the entire art market. Throughout his life, Pollock often retired, in line with the myth of the only artist and hero that the United States admired after the Second World War. His image grew with the development of art business and culture in New York. Pollock arrived in New York City as a 17-year-old in 1929. Just as the Museum of Modern Art opened, the art world thrived. In 1943, art collector/social socialite...
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美国布朗大学艺术Essay代写:实际绘画过程

杰克逊波洛克(1912年1月28日 - 1956年8月11日出生的保罗杰克逊波洛克)是一位动作画家,是前卫抽象表现主义运动的领导者之一,被认为是美国最伟大的艺术家之之一,四十四岁时,他的生活被缩短了,在驾驶陶醉的时候,他在自己的手中发生了悲剧性的汽车事故。虽然他一生中经济困难,但他的画作价值数百万,其中一幅画,1948年年第5幅,2006年年通过苏富比以约1.4亿美元的价格出售。他因滴水而闻名,这是他开发的一种激进的新技术,使他成名并臭名昭着。波洛克是一个善变的人,过着艰难而快速的生活,被抑郁和隐居的时期打断,并且酗酒挣扎,但他也是一个极度敏感和灵性的人。他于1945年与李克拉斯纳结婚,她本人是一位受人尊敬的抽象表现主义艺术家,对他的艺术,生活和遗产产生了很大的影响。波洛克的朋友兼赞助人阿方索·奥索里奥描述了洛克的作品如此独特和引人入胜,谈到他的艺术之旅“,在这里,我看到一个男人既破坏了过去的所有传统,又统一了他们,超越了立体主义,超越了立体主义毕加索和超现实主义,超越艺术中发生的一切......他的作品表达了行动和沉思。“无论你是否喜欢波洛克的作品,你越了解他和他的全部作品,你就越有可能欣赏到专家和其他许多人看到的价值,并欣赏许多观众所感受到的精神联系。它。至少,在他的实际绘画过程的精彩镜头中观察了他的焦点强度和他的舞蹈动作的优雅后,很难不受男人和他的艺术的影响。 美国布朗大学艺术Essay代写:实际绘画过程 Jackson Pollock (Paul Jackson Pollock, born on January 28, 1912 - August 11, 1956) is an action painter and one of the leaders of the avant-garde abstract expressionist movement, considered to be the greatest artist of the United States. One. At the age of forty-four, his life was shortened, and when he was intoxicated, he had a tragic car accident in his own hands. Although he had financial difficulties in his life, his paintings were worth millions. One of them, the fifth in 1948, was sold by Sotheby's in 2006 for about $140 million. He is known for dripping water, a radical new technology he developed that made him famous and notorious. Pollock is a fickle person who lives a difficult and fast life, interrupted by periods of depression and seclusion, and struggles with alcoholism, but he is also an extremely sensitive and spiritual person. He married Lee Krasner in 1945. She is a respected abstract expressionist artist...
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美国杜克大学教育Assignment代写:棉花糖测试

Mischel及其同事在研究中使用的棉花糖测试的原始版本包括一个简单的场景。一个孩子被带进一个房间并获得奖励,通常是棉花糖或其他一些理想的食物。孩子被告知研究人员不得不离开房间,但如果他们可以等到研究人员回来,孩子就会得到两个棉花糖,而不仅仅是他们被送到的那个。如果他们不能等待,他们就不会获得更理想的奖励。然后研究人员将离开房间一段特定的时间(通常是15分钟,但有时长达20分钟),或者直到孩子再也不能拒绝在他们面前吃单一的棉花糖了。在20世纪60年代末和70年代初的六年多时间里,Mischel及其同事在斯坦福大学校园内的数百名儿童中重复了棉花糖测试。孩子们在参加实验时年龄在3到5岁之间。研究人员使用的棉花糖测试的变化包括帮助孩子延迟满足的不同方法,例如在孩子面前模糊治疗或给孩子指示思考其他事情以使他们的思绪脱离他们的待遇。等待。 美国杜克大学教育Assignment代写:棉花糖测试 The original version of the Marshmallow test used by Mischel and colleagues in the study included a simple scenario. A child is brought into a room and rewarded, usually marshmallow or some other ideal food. The child was told that the researchers had to leave the room, but if they could wait until the researchers came back, the child would get two marshmallows, not just the one they were sent to. If they can't wait, they won't get a better reward. The researchers will then leave the room for a specific period of time (usually 15 minutes, but sometimes up to 20 minutes), or until the child can no longer refuse to eat a single marshmallow in front of them. In the more than six years of the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mischel and colleagues repeated cotton candy tests on hundreds of children on the Stanford campus. The children were between the ages of 3 and 5 when they...
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美国伊利诺伊州法律Essay代写:最高法院

在美国,出生公民身份政策的基础是美国宪法第十四修正案的公民身份条款,其中规定“在美国出生或归化的人,并且在其管辖范围内,是公民 美国及其居住国所在的国家。“1868年批准了第十四条修正案,以推翻1857年美国最高法院的德雷德·斯科特诉萨德福德的决定,该决定剥夺了前非裔美国奴隶的公民身份。 美国最高法院在美国最高法院1898年的案件中确认,根据第十四修正案,无论当时父母的公民身份如何,都不能拒绝任何在美国境内出生的人的完整美国公民身份。 美国伊利诺伊州法律Essay代写:最高法院 In the United States, the birth citizenship policy is based on the citizenship clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which states that “a person born or naturalized in the United States, and within his jurisdiction, is the citizen of the United States and his or her country of residence. State. "The Fourteenth Amendment was approved in 1868 to overturn the decision of the 1857 Supreme Court of the United States, Dred Scott v. Sadford, which deprived former African American slaves of citizenship. The US Supreme Court confirmed in the 1898 case of the US Supreme Court that under the Fourteenth Amendment, no matter the citizenship of a parent at the time, the full US citizenship of any person born in the United States cannot be denied. ....
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澳大利亚南澳大学化学论文代写:摩尔钾离子

此外,有时需要考虑多种类型的溶质。如果您的半透膜具有2摩尔Na +离子和2摩尔Cl-离子,另一侧有2摩尔K +离子和2摩尔Cl-离子,则确定张力可能会造成混淆。如果您认为每侧有4摩尔离子,则隔板的每一侧相对于另一侧是等渗的。然而,钠离子侧相对于该类离子是高渗的(另一侧对于钠离子是低渗的)。具有钾离子的一侧相对于钾是高渗的(并且氯化钠溶液相对于钾是低渗的)。您如何看待离子穿过膜?会有运动吗?您期望发生的是钠和钾离子穿过膜直到达到平衡,分区的两侧含有1摩尔钠离子,1摩尔钾离子和2摩尔氯离子。得到它了?水在半透膜上移动。请记住,水会移动以均衡溶质颗粒的浓度。如果膜两侧的溶液是等渗的,水就会自由前后移动。水从膜的低渗(浓度较低)侧移动到高渗(浓度较低)侧。流动的方向持续直到溶液是等渗的。 澳大利亚南澳大学化学论文代写:摩尔钾离子 In addition, there are times when multiple types of solutes need to be considered. If your semi-permeable membrane has 2 moles of Na + ions and 2 moles of Cl-ion and 2 moles of K + ions and 2 moles of Cl- ions on the other side, determining the tension may cause confusion. If you think there are 4 moles of ions on each side, each side of the separator is isotonic with respect to the other side. However, the sodium ion side is hypertonic with respect to this type of ion (the other side is hypotonic for sodium ions). The side with potassium ions is hypertonic with respect to potassium (and the sodium chloride solution is hypotonic relative to potassium). How do you think about ions passing through the membrane? Will there be exercise? What you expect is that sodium and potassium ions pass through the membrane until equilibrium is reached, with 1 mole of sodium, 1...
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澳大利亚汤斯维尔Essay代写:能量来源

猴子主要从上部冠层觅食树叶,但也吃水果,花,坚果和芽。 他们有时用鸡蛋补充他们的饮食。 像其他哺乳动物一样,吼猴不能从叶子中消化纤维素。 大肠中的细菌发酵纤维素并产生营养丰富的气体,动物将其用作能量来源。 从叶子获取能量是一个低效的过程,因此吼猴通常是缓慢移动的并且生活在相对较小的家庭范围内(对于15到20只动物来说是77英亩)。 男性在黎明和黄昏时发出声音来确定他们的位置,并与其他部队进行交流。 这最大限度地减少了喂食和睡眠场地的冲突。 部队范围重叠,因此嚎叫减少了男性巡逻地区或战斗的需要。 每个部队由6至15只动物组成,通常包含一至三只成年雄性动物。 Mantled吼猴队伍更大,包含更多男性。 吼猴在大约一半的时间里在树上休息。 澳大利亚汤斯维尔Essay代写:能量来源 Monkeys mainly feed on leaves from the upper canopy, but also eat fruits, flowers, nuts and buds. They sometimes supplement their diet with eggs. Like other mammals, marmosets cannot digest cellulose from leaves. Bacteria in the large intestine ferment cellulose and produce nutrient-rich gases that animals use as a source of energy. Obtaining energy from leaves is an inefficient process, so apes are usually slow-moving and live in relatively small homes (77 acres for 15 to 20 animals). Men make sounds at dawn and dusk to determine their location and communicate with other forces. This minimizes conflicts between feeding and sleeping sites. The range of troops overlaps, so barking reduces the need for male patrol areas or fighting. Each unit consists of 6 to 15 animals and usually contains one to three adult males. The Mantled Ape team is bigger and contains more men. The apes rested in the tree...
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美国布朗大学生物工程代写:外部的电位

通过比较细胞内部和外部的电位来测量细胞膜上的电势,因为在细胞内部称为离子的带电粒子的浓度或浓度梯度存在差异。这些浓度梯度反过来导致电子和化学不平衡,驱动离子平衡不平衡,更多不同的不平衡提供更大的动力或驱动力,以弥补不平衡。为此,离子通常从膜的高浓度侧移动到低浓度侧。动作电位的两个感兴趣的离子是钾阳离子(K +)和钠阳离子(Na +),它们可以在细胞内外发现。相对于外部,细胞内的K +浓度更高。细胞外侧的Na +浓度相对于内部浓度高,约为10倍。当没有进行中的动作电位时(即,细胞“静止”),神经元的电位处于静息膜电位,其通常被测量为约-70mV。这意味着电池内部的电位比外部低70 mV。应该注意的是,这指的是一种平衡状态 - 离子仍然进出细胞,但是以一种使静息膜电位保持在一个相当恒定的值的方式。静息膜电位可以维持,因为细胞膜含有形成离子通道的蛋白质 - 允许离子流入和流出细胞的孔 - 以及能够将离子泵入和离开细胞的钠/钾泵。离子通道并不总是打开;某些类型的渠道仅在特定条件下开放。这些通道因此被称为“门控”通道。泄漏通道随机打开和关闭,有助于维持细胞的静息膜电位。钠泄漏通道允许Na +缓慢进入细胞(因为Na +的浓度在外部相对于内部更高),而钾通道允许K +移出细胞(因为K +的浓度在内部更高)相对于外面)。然而,钾的泄漏通道比钠更多,因此钾以比钠进入细胞更快的速度移出细胞。因此,细胞外部有更多的正电荷,导致静息膜电位为负。钠/钾泵通过将钠从细胞或钾移回细胞中来维持静息膜电位。然而,该泵为每三个Na +离子带来两个K +离子,保持负电位。电压门控离子通道对动作电位很重要。当细胞膜接近其静息膜电位时,大多数这些通道保持闭合。然而,当细胞的电位变得更正(负更少)时,这些离子通道将打开。 美国布朗大学生物工程代写:外部的电位 The potential on the cell membrane is measured by comparing the potentials inside and outside the cell because there is a difference in the concentration or concentration gradient of charged particles called ions inside the cell. These concentration gradients in turn lead to electronic and chemical imbalances that drive ion balance imbalances, and more different imbalances provide greater power or drive to compensate for imbalances. For this reason, ions generally move from the high concentration side of the membrane to the low concentration side. The two ions of interest at the action potential are potassium cation (K + ) and sodium cation (Na + ), which can be found both inside and outside the cell. The concentration of K + in the cells is higher relative to the outside. The Na + concentration outside the cell is high relative to the internal concentration,...
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美国杜克大学文化论文代写:俄罗斯圣诞节

圣诞节是俄罗斯的一个公共假日,许多基督教俄罗斯人庆祝这是一年中最重要的节日之一。虽然一些俄罗斯的圣诞传统与西方的传统相似,但其他传统与俄罗斯有关,反映了俄罗斯丰富的历史以及与俄罗斯东正教相关的传统。在俄罗斯,1月7日庆祝圣诞节。许多俄罗斯圣诞节传统起源于早于俄罗斯基督教的异教文化。长期存在的俄罗斯圣诞节习俗包括颂歌,算命,以及在圣诞节前夕通过严格的圣诞节活动四十天。俄罗斯的许多圣诞习俗起源于在基督教到来之前存在于俄罗斯的异教文化。从十二月底到一月中旬期间,异教徒的仪式旨在带来丰收的丰收年。当基督教抵达俄罗斯时,这些仪式改变并融合了新抵达宗教的习俗,创造了一种独特的圣诞传统混合体,至今仍在俄罗斯观察到。根据俄罗斯东正教会观察到的朱利安历法,俄罗斯东正教圣诞节于1月7日庆祝。目前,阳历和儒略历之间的差异为13天。从2100年开始,差异将增加到14天,因此从1月8日开始庆祝俄罗斯圣诞节,直到下一次增加。在苏联时代,圣诞节和所有其他教堂假期被禁止(尽管许多人继续秘密庆祝他们)。 美国杜克大学文化论文代写:俄罗斯圣诞节 Christmas is a public holiday in Russia, and many Christian Russians celebrate this as one of the most important festivals of the year. Although some Russian Christmas traditions are similar to Western traditions, other traditions are related to Russia, reflecting Russia's rich history and traditions associated with Russian Orthodox Church. In Russia, celebrate Christmas on January 7. Many Russian Christmas traditions originated from pagan cultures earlier than Russian Christianity. The long-standing Russian Christmas customs include carols, fortune-telling, and forty days of rigorous Christmas activities on Christmas Eve. Many of the Christmas customs of Russia originated from the pagan culture that existed in Russia before the arrival of Christianity. From the end of December to mid-January, the pagan rituals are designed to bring about a bumper harvest year. When Christianity arrived in Russia, these rituals changed and merged with the new custom of reaching religion, creating a unique mixture of Christmas traditions that is still observed in Russia. According to the...
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美国肯塔基州政治Essay代写:领导人金日成

2017年2月,Kim的同父异母兄弟Kim Jong-nam在马来西亚的特殊情况下去世。 报告显示他在吉隆坡机场被多名嫌疑人毒死。 金正男流亡多年,一直是他同父异母兄弟政权的批评者。 2014年2月,联合国调查委员会建议金正恩在国际刑事法院受到危害人类罪的审判。 2016年7月,美国财政部对金正日实施个人金融制裁。 虽然金正日滥用人权被认为是理由,但财政部官员当时表示制裁旨在阻碍朝鲜的核导弹计划。 英国伯明翰金融论文代写:金融制裁 In February 2017, Kim's half-brother Kim Jong-nam passed away in a special case in Malaysia. The report showed that he was poisoned by several suspects at Kuala Lumpur Airport. Kim Jong-nam has been in exile for many years and has been a critic of his half-brothership. In February 2014, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry recommended that Kim Jong-un be tried in crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court. In July 2016, the US Treasury Department imposed personal financial sanctions on Kim Jong Il. Although Kim Jong Il’s abuse of human rights was considered a reason, Treasury officials said at the time that the sanctions were aimed at obstructing North Korea’s nuclear missile program....
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