美国加州大学伯克利分校社会学Essay代写: 亚洲荣誉屠戮史

在南亚和中东的许多国家,妇女可能成为他们自己的家庭的目标,在所谓的“荣誉杀人”中死亡。通常,受害者的行为方式对其他文化的观察者来说似乎并不起作用;她寻求离婚,拒绝安排婚姻,或有外遇。在最恐怖的案件中,一名遭受强奸的妇女被她自己的亲属谋杀。然而,在高度重男轻女的文化中,这些行为 - 甚至是性侵犯的受害者 - 往往被视为女人整个家庭的荣誉和声誉的污点,她的家人可能决定伤害或杀害她。一个女人(或很少,一个男人)实际上不必破坏任何文化禁忌,以成为杀害受害者的荣誉。只是她表现得不恰当的建议可能足以影响她的命运,而她的亲戚在执行死刑前也不会给她机会进行辩护。事实上,当她们的家人知道她们完全是无辜的时候,她们已经被杀害了;只是谣言开始流传的事实足以让家人蒙羞,所以被告的女人不得不被杀害。艾莎吉尔博士为联合国撰稿,将杀害或荣誉暴力定义为“在父权制家庭结构,社区和/或社会框架内对女性实施的任何形式的暴力行为,其中暴力行为的主要理由是保护社会建构的“荣誉”是一种价值体系,规范或传统。“然而,在某些情况下,男性也可能成为荣誉杀害的受害者,特别是如果他们被怀疑是同性恋者,或者他们是拒绝嫁给他们的家人为他们挑选的新娘。荣誉杀人采取许多不同的形式,包括射击,勒死,溺水,酸性攻击,燃烧,石刑或将受害者活埋。加拿大司法部发表的一份报告援引了比尔泽特大学的谢里夫·卡纳纳博士的话,他指出,阿拉伯文化中的荣誉杀戮并不仅仅是甚至主要是关于控制女性的性行为本身。更确切地说,Kanaana博士说:“家庭,部落或部落的人在父系社会中寻求控制的是生殖权力。部落的妇女被认为是制造男人的工厂。荣誉杀戮不是控制性权力或行为的手段。背后的问题是生育能力或生殖能力问题。“有趣的是,荣誉谋杀通常由受害者的父亲,兄​​弟或叔叔进行 - 而不是由丈夫进行。虽然在父权制社会中,妻子被视为丈夫的财产,但任何所谓的不端行为都反映了他们的出生家庭而不是丈夫的家庭的耻辱。因此,被指控违反文化规范的已婚妇女通常会被她的血缘亲属杀害。 美国加州大学伯克利分校社会学Essay代写: 亚洲荣誉屠戮史 In many of the countries of South Asia and the Middle East, women can be targeted by their own families for death in what is known as “honor killings.” Often the victim has acted in a way that seems unremarkable to observers from other cultures; she has sought a divorce, refused to go through with an arranged marriage, or had an affair. In the most horrifying cases, a woman who suffers a rape then gets murdered by her own relatives. Yet, in highly patriarchal cultures, these actions – even being the victim of a sexual assault – are often seen as a blot on the honor and the reputation of the woman’s entire family, and her family may decide to maim or kill her. A woman (or rarely, a man) does not have to actually break any cultural taboos in order to become an honor killing victim. Just the suggestion that she has...
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美国康奈尔大学社会学Assignment代写:共产主义与社会主义的差异

尽管这些术语有时可以互换使用,而共产主义和社会主义是相关的概念,但这两个系统在关键方面是不同的。然而,共产主义和社会主义都是为了应对工业革命而产生的,在工业革命期间,资本主义工厂所有者通过剥削工人而变得极其富裕。工业早期,工人在困难和不安全的条件下劳作,通常每天工作12到14个小时,每周工作6天,没有用餐时间。工人包括年仅6岁的孩子,他们的价值很高,因为他们的小手和敏捷的手指可能会进入机器内进行修理或清除堵塞。工厂通常光线不足,没有通风系统,设计危险或设计不良的机器经常致残或杀死工人。为了应对这些条件,德国理论家卡尔·马克思(1818-1883)和弗里德里希·恩格斯(1820-1895)创造了另一种经济和政治体系,即共产主义。马克思和恩格斯在他们的着作“英国工人阶级的状况”,“共产党宣言”和“资本论”中谴责资本主义制度中工人的滥用,并提出了一个乌托邦的替代方案。在共产主义下,没有一种“生产资料” - 例如工厂和土地 - 都归个人所有。相反,政府控制着生产资料,所有人都在一起工作。所产生的财富是根据人们的需求而不是他们对工作的贡献在人民之间分享的。理论上,结果是一个无阶级社会,财产是公共的,而不是私人的。根据马克思主义理论,要实现这个共产主义工人的天堂,必须通过暴力革命摧毁资本主义制度。马克思和恩格斯认为,工业工人(“无产阶级”)会在世界各地兴起并推翻中产阶级(“资产阶级”)。一旦共产主义体系建立起来,政府将不再需要,因为每个人都为了共同利益而共同努力。 美国康奈尔大学社会学Assignment代写:共产主义与社会主义的差异 Although the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, and communism and socialism are related concepts, the two systems are different in crucial ways. However, both communism and socialism arose in response to the Industrial Revolution, during which capitalist factory owners grew extremely wealthy by exploiting their workers. Early in the industrial period, workers toiled under difficult and unsafe conditions, often working 12 to 14 hours per day, six days per week, without meal breaks. Workers included children as young as 6, who were valued because their small hands and nimble fingers could get inside the machinery to repair it or clear blockages. The factories often were poorly lit and had no ventilation systems, and dangerous or poorly designed machinery frequently maimed or killed the workers. In reaction to these conditions, German theorists Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820–1895) created an alternative economic and political system called communism. In their books, "The Condition of the Working Class...
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美国达特茅斯学院医学Essay代写:黑死病如何在亚洲开始

许多学者认为,鼠疫始于中国西北部,而其他人则认为中国西南部或中亚大草原。我们确实知道,在1331年元朝帝国爆发了爆发,可能加速了蒙古统治中国的结束。三年后,这种疾病导致河北省90%以上人口死亡,死亡人数超过500万。截至1200年,中国总人口超过1.2亿,但1393人口普查发现只有6500万中国人幸存。在元朝统治过渡期间,一些失踪人口因饥荒和动荡而丧生,但数百万人死于鼠疫。从它在丝绸之路东端的起源,黑死病在西部的贸易路线停靠在中亚的商队和中东贸易中心,随后在亚洲各地感染了人们。埃及学者Al-Mazriqi指出,“在他们的夏季和冬季营地,在牧场和季节性迁徙过程中,三百多个部落都没有明显的理由而死亡。”他声称,就朝鲜半岛而言,整个亚洲人口减少了。 叙利亚作家伊本·瓦尔迪(Ibn al-Wardi)后来在1348年自己死于瘟疫,记录了黑死病来自“黑暗之地”或中亚。从那里,它传播到中国,印度,里海和“乌兹别克人的土地”,然后到波斯和地中海。 美国达特茅斯学院医学Essay代写:黑死病如何在亚洲开始 Many scholars believe that the bubonic plague began in north-western China, while others cite south-western China or the steppes of Central Asia. We do know that in 1331 an outbreak erupted in the Yuan Empire and may have hastened the end of Mongol rule over China. Three years later, the disease killed over 90 percent of the Hebei Province's populations with deaths totaling over 5 million people. As of 1200, China had a total population of more than 120 million, but a 1393 census found only 65 million Chinese surviving. Some of that missing population was killed by famine and upheaval in the transition from Yuan to Ming rule, but many millions died of bubonic plague. From its origin at the eastern end of the Silk Road, the Black Death rode trade routes west stopping at Central Asian caravansaries and Middle Eastern trade centers and subsequently infected people all across Asia. The Egyptian scholar Al-Mazriqi noted that "more...
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美国芝加哥大学经济学Essay代写:什么是有限的租赁?

有罪租赁是一种监狱劳工制度,主要在1884年至1928年间在美国南部使用。在定罪租赁中,国营监狱从私人政党与公司签订合同,向公司提供定罪劳工。在合同期限内,承租人 - 而不是监狱 - 承担监督,住房,喂养和囚犯服装的所有费用和责任。早在1844年路易斯安那首次使用它时,合同租赁在1865年内战结束后美国重建时期奴隶解放后迅速蔓延。作为各州如何从这一过程中获利的一个例子,阿拉巴马州从囚犯租赁产生的年度总收入的百分比从1846年的10%增加到1889年的近73%。由于在废除奴隶制之后在南方通过的众多“黑色法典”的侵略性和歧视性执法,监狱出租的大多数囚犯都是黑人。定罪租赁的做法带来了巨大的人力成本,租赁罪犯的死亡率比非租赁国家的囚犯死亡率高出约10倍。例如,在1873年,25%的黑人租囚犯在服刑期间死亡。尽管它对各州有利可图,但在19世纪末20世纪初期,囚犯租赁逐渐被淘汰,主要原因是公众舆论不利以及工会运动不断增长。虽然阿拉巴马州成为最后一个终止1928年定罪租赁官方行为的州,但其中的一些方面仍然是今天不断增长的监狱工业综合体的一部分。 美国芝加哥大学经济学Essay代写:什么是有限的租赁? Convict leasing was a system of prison labor used mainly in the Southern United States from 1884 until 1928. In convict leasing, state-run prisons profited from contracting with private parties from plantations to corporations to provide them with convict labor. During the term of the contracts, the lessees—rather than the prisons—bore all cost and responsibility for overseeing, housing, feeding, and clothing the prisoners. While it was first used by Louisiana as early as 1844, contract leasing spread quickly after the emancipation of slaves during the period of American Reconstruction following the end of the Civil War in 1865. As an example of how the states profited from the process, the percentage of Alabama’s total annual revenue generated from convict leasing increased from 10 percent in 1846 to nearly 73 percent by 1889. As a result of aggressive and discriminatory enforcement of the numerous “Black Codes” laws passed in the South after the abolishment of slavery, the...
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美国弗吉尼亚大学通信学Essay代写:星际迷航的通信科学

“星际迷航”是有史以来最受欢迎的科幻系列之一,深受世界各地人们的喜爱。在电视节目,电影,小说,漫画和播客中,未来的地球居民都会前往银河系的远处。他们使用先进技术如经线驱动推进系统和人工重力穿越太空,并沿途探索奇怪的新世界。 “星际迷航”中的科学技术令人眼花缭乱,并引导众多粉丝提出这样的问题:现在或未来是否存在这样的推进系统和其他技术进步?事实证明,一些“Treknology”(以及在其他科幻媒体中提出的奇怪想法)背后有不同程度的真实科学。在某些情况下,科学实际上是非常合理的,我们现在要么拥有这项技术(例如第一批基本的医疗三轮车和通信设备),要么在不久的将来某个时候开发它。星际迷航宇宙中的其他技术有时与我们对物理学的理解一致 - 例如经线驱动 - 但由于各种原因而极不可能存在。还有一些人更多地处于想象领域,并且(除非我们对物理学的理解发生变化)不会有机会成为现实。 Treknology型设备分为几类,从工作中的设备到根据我们目前对物理学的理解,时间可能永远不会到来的想法。值得注意的是,我们今天使用的一些像Trek一样的设备很可能受到该节目的启发,尽管最终可能已经被发明了。 美国弗吉尼亚大学通信学Essay代写:星际迷航的通信科学 Star Trek is one of the most popular science fiction series of all time and loved by people around the world. In its TV shows, movies, novels, comics, and podcasts, future inhabitants of Earth go on quests to the far reaches of the Milky Way Galaxy. They travel across space using advanced technologies like warp drive propulsion systems and artificial gravity, and along the way, explore strange new worlds. The science and technology in Star Trek are dazzling and lead many fans to ask: could such propulsion systems and other technological advances exist now or in the future? As it turns out, some "Treknology" (and whiz-bang ideas proposed in other science fiction media) have varying levels of real science behind them. In some cases, the science is actually quite sound and we either have the technology now (such as the first rudimentary medical tricorders and communications devices) or someone will be developing it sometime...
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美国卡尔顿学院传媒学Assignment代写:气象媒体

气象学是一门物理科学 - 自然科学的一个分支,试图根据经验证据或观察来解释和预测自然的行为。专业研究或实践气象的人被称为气象学家。更多:如何成为气象学家(无论你的年龄多大)曾经听过“大气科学”一词而不是“气象学”吗?大气科学是研究大气,其过程及其与地球水圈(水),岩石圈(地球)和生物圈(所有生物)相互作用的总称。气象学是大气科学的一个子领域。气候学是对气候变化的研究,它定义了气候随着时间的推移,是另一个。气象学的起源可以追溯到公元前350年,当时亚里士多德(是的,希腊哲学家)讨论了他对天气现象和水分蒸发的思想和科学观察。在他的作品Meteorologica。 (因为他的天气着作是最早存在的,他被认为是建立气象学。)但是,尽管该领域的研究已经持续了数千年,但在理解和预测天气方面取得了重大进展,直到气压计等仪器的发明才出现。和温度计,以及在船上和公元18,19和20世纪晚期的天气观测的传播。我们今天所知道的气象学,后来仍然随着20世纪后期计算机的发展而来。直到发明了复杂的计算机程序和数值天气预报(由Vilhelm Bjerknes设想,他被认为是现代气象之父)。 20世纪80年代和90年代:从天气网站到天气应用程序,我们很难想象天气触手可及。但是,尽管人们总是依赖于天气,但它并不总是像现在这样容易获得。促使天气成为人们关注的一个事件是The Weather Channel的创建,该频道是1982年推出的一个电视频道,其整个节目时间表专门用于演播室预报节目和当地天气预报(8s的本地节目)。包括Twister(1996),The Ice Storm(1997)和Hard Rain(1998)在内的几部天气灾难影片也引发了超出每日预测的天气兴趣。 美国卡尔顿学院传媒学Assignment代写:气象媒体 Meteorology is a physical science -- a branch of natural science that tries to explain and predict nature's behavior based on empirical evidence, or observation.A person who studies or practices meteorology professionally is known as a meteorologist.More: How to become a meteorologist (no matter what your age) Ever hear the term "atmospheric sciences" used instead of "meteorology"? Atmospheric sciences is an umbrella term for the study of the atmosphere, its processes, and its interactions with the Earth's hydrosphere (water), lithosphere (earth), and biosphere (all living things). Meteorology is one sub-field of atmospheric science. Climatology, the study of atmospheric changes that define climates over time, is another.The beginnings of meteorology can be traced back to the year 350 BC when Aristotle (yes, the Greek philosopher) discussed his thoughts and scientific observations on weather phenomenon and water evaporation in his work Meteorologica. (Because his weather writings are among the earliest known to...
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美国史瓦兹摩尔学院化学论文代写:小苏打和发酵粉的区别

小苏打是纯碳酸氢钠。当小苏打与水分和酸性成分(例如酸奶,巧克力,酪乳,蜂蜜)结合时,所产生的化学反应产生二氧化碳气泡,其在烘箱温度下膨胀,导致烘焙食品膨胀或上升。混合成分后立即开始反应,因此您需要立即烘焙需要小苏打的食谱,否则它们会变平!发酵粉含有碳酸氢钠,但它已经含有酸化剂(牙垢乳膏),还含有干燥剂(通常是淀粉)。发泡粉可作为单效发酵粉和双效发酵粉。单作用粉末被水分激活,因此您必须在混合后立即烘焙包含该产品的配方。双作用粉末分两步反应,在烘烤前可以静置一段时间。对于双作用粉末,当粉末加入到面团中时,一些气体在室温下释放,但是大部分气体在面团的温度在烘箱中升高后释放。一些食谱需要小苏打,而其他食谱需要发酵粉。使用哪种成分取决于配方中的其他成分。最终目标是生产出质地令人愉悦的美味产品。小苏打是基本的,除非与其他成分(如酪乳)的酸度相抵触,否则会产生苦味。你会在饼干配方中找到小苏打。发酵粉含有酸和碱,并且在味道方面具有整体中性效果。需要发酵粉的食谱通常需要其他中性味道的成分,如牛奶。发酵粉是蛋糕和饼干中的常见成分。 美国史瓦兹摩尔学院化学论文代写:小苏打和发酵粉的区别 Baking soda is pure sodium bicarbonate. When baking soda is combined with moisture and an acidic ingredient (e.g., yogurt, chocolate, buttermilk, honey), the resulting chemical reaction produces bubbles of carbon dioxide that expand under oven temperatures, causing baked goods to expand or rise. The reaction begins immediately upon mixing the ingredients, so you need to bake recipes which call for baking soda immediately, or else they will fall flat! Baking powder contains sodium bicarbonate, but it includes the acidifying agent already (cream of tartar), and also a drying agent (usually starch). Baking powder is available as single-acting baking powder and as double-acting baking powder. Single-acting powders are activated by moisture, so you must bake recipes which include this product immediately after mixing. Double-acting powders react in two phases and can stand for a while before baking. With double-acting powder, some gas is released at room temperature when the powder is added to dough, but the majority of the gas is...
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美国麦肯纳学院化学Assignment代写:化学中的科学记数法

科学家和工程师经常使用非常大或非常小的数字,这些数字更容易以指数形式或科学记数法表达。用科学记数法编写的数字的经典化学例子是Avogadro的数字(6.022 x 1023)。科学家通常使用光速(3.0 x 108 m / s)进行计算。极少数的例子是电子的电荷(1.602×10-19库仑)。通过将小数点向左移动直到左边只剩下一个数字,您可以用科学记数法写出一个非常大的数字。小数点的移动次数为您提供指数,对于大数字,该指数始终为正数。例如:3,454,000 = 3.454 x 106对于非常小的数字,您将小数点向右移动,直到小数点左侧只剩下一位数字。向右移动的次数给出一个负指数:0.0000005234 = 5.234 x 10-7并非所有计算器都能处理科学计数法,但您可以在科学计算器上轻松执行科学计数法计算。要输入数字,请查找^按钮,这意味着“提升到幂”或者yx或xy,这意味着y分别上升到幂x或x上升到y。另一个常见按钮是10x,这使得科学记数容易。这些按钮功能的方式取决于计算器的品牌,因此您需要阅读说明或测试功能。您将按10x然后输入x的值,否则输入x值然后按10x按钮。用你知道的数字测试它,以获得它的悬念。还要记住并非所有计算器都遵循操作顺序,其中在加法和减法之前执行乘法和除法。如果您的计算器有括号,最好使用它们来确保正确执行计算。 美国麦肯纳学院化学Assignment代写:化学中的科学记数法 Scientists and engineers often work with very large or very small numbers, which are more easily expressed in exponential form or scientific notation. A classic chemistry example of a number written in scientific notation is Avogadro's number (6.022 x 1023). Scientists commonly perform calculations using the speed of light (3.0 x 108 m/s). An example of a very small number is the electrical charge of an electron (1.602 x 10-19 Coulombs). You write a very large number in scientific notation by moving the decimal point to the left until only one digit remains to the left. The number of moves of the decimal point gives you the exponent, which is always positive for a big number. For example: 3,454,000 = 3.454 x 106 For very small numbers, you move the decimal point to the right until only one digit remains to the left of the...
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美国波莫纳学院人体学Essay代写:公路催眠与疲劳驾驶

公路催眠是自动化现象的一个例子。自动性是指在不自觉地思考它们的情况下执行操作的能力。人们总是自动执行日常活动,例如步行,骑自行车或执行学习和练习的技能,例如针织。掌握一项技能后,可以在专注于其他任务的同时执行该技能。例如,熟练驾驶汽车的人可以在驾驶时计划购物清单。因为意识流指向另一个任务,所以可以发生驾驶时间的部分或完全健忘。虽然“自动驾驶”可能看起来很危险,但自动驾驶实际上可能优于专业或熟练驾驶员的有意识驾驶。在心理学家George Humphrey之后的“蜈蚣困境”或“汉弗莱定律”的寓言之后,这被称为“蜈蚣效应”。在寓言中,一只蜈蚣像往常一样走着,直到另一只动物问它是如何用这么多脚移动的。当蜈蚣想到走路时,它的脚就会纠缠在一起。汉弗莱以另一种方式描述了这种现象,“没有一个熟练从事交易的人需要不断关注日常工作。如果他这样做,那么这项工作很容易被破坏。”在驾驶的背景下,对所执行的动作进行过于严格的思考可能会使技能恶化。对于大多数驾驶员而言,他们所经历的沉闷恍惚状态实际上是在驾驶时睡着而不是催眠状态。当一个经历真正的高速公路催眠的人自动扫描环境中的威胁并向大脑发出危险警报时,疲惫的驾驶员开始体验隧道视觉并降低对其他驾驶员和障碍物的认识。根据美国国家公路交通安全管理局的报告,疲劳驾驶每年造成100,000多次碰撞,约1550人死亡。昏昏欲睡的驾驶非常危险,因为它会增加反应时间并损害协调,判断力和记忆力。大量研究表明,睡眠不足的驾驶比在0.05%血液酒精含量的影响下驾驶更危险。公路催眠和疲劳驾驶之间的区别在于,它可以在清醒时体验自动性。另一方面,疲劳驾驶会导致车轮入睡。 美国波莫纳学院人体学Essay代写:公路催眠与疲劳驾驶 Highway hypnosis is an example of the phenomenon of automaticity. Automaticity is the ability to perform actions without consciously thinking about them. People perform daily activities automatically all the time, such as walking, riding a bike, or performing a learned and practiced skill, such as knitting. Once a skill is mastered, it's possible to perform it while focusing on other tasks. For example, a person skilled at driving a car can plan a grocery list while driving. Because the stream of consciousness is directed at the other task, partial or complete amnesia of the time spent driving can occur. While driving "on automatic" may seem hazardous, automaticity may actually be superior to conscious driving for professional or skilled drivers. This is called the "centipede effect" after the fable of the "centipede's dilemma" or "Humphrey's law" after psychologist George Humphrey. In the fable, a centipede was walking along as usual until another animal asked it how it moved with so...
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美国辛辛那提大学艺术Essay代写:保罗克利的生平与艺术

克利于1879年12月18日出生于瑞士慕尼黑布赫,瑞士母亲和德国父亲,两人都是音乐家。他在瑞士伯尔尼长大,在那里他的父亲被转移到伯尔尼音乐会管弦乐队的指挥。克利是一个足够但不过分热情的学生。他对希腊语的研究特别感兴趣,并且在他的一生中继续用原始语言阅读希腊诗歌。他是全面的,但他对艺术和音乐的热爱显而易见。他不断画画 - 十本速写本从他的童年中幸存下来 - 并且还继续演奏音乐,即使是在伯尔尼市政交响乐团中也是如此。基于他的广泛教育,克利可以进入任何职业,但选择成为一名艺术家,因为,正如他在20世纪20年代所说,“它似乎落后了,他觉得也许他可以帮助推进它。”他成为了一位非常有影响力的画家,绘图员,版画家和美术老师。然而,他对音乐的热爱继续对他独特而独特的艺术产生终身影响。 Klee于1898年前往慕尼黑,在私人Knirr艺术学校学习,与Erwin Knirr一起工作,他非常热衷于让Klee成为他的学生,并在当时表达了“如果Klee坚持结果可能是非凡的”。 Klee在Knirr学习绘画和绘画,然后在慕尼黑学院学习Franz Stuck。 1901年6月,在慕尼黑学习了三年后,克利前往意大利,在那里他大部分时间都在罗马度过。在那段时间之后,他于1902年5月回到伯尔尼去消化他在旅途中所吸收的东西。他一直呆在那里直到1906年结婚,在此期间,他制作了许多蚀刻片,引起了一些注意。 美国辛辛那提大学艺术Essay代写:保罗克利的生平与艺术 Klee was born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland on December 18, 1879, to a Swiss mother and a German father, both of whom were accomplished musicians. He grew up in Bern, Switzerland, where his father had been transferred to work as the conductor of the Bern concert orchestra. Klee was an adequate, but not overly enthusiastic student. He was particularly interested in his study of Greek and continued to read Greek poetry in the original language throughout his life. He was well-rounded, but his love of art and music were clearly evident. He drew constantly — ten sketchbooks survive from his childhood — and also continued to play music, even as an extra in the Municipal Orchestra of Bern. Based on his broad education, Klee could have gone into any profession, but chose to become an artist because, as he said in the 1920s, "it seemed to be lagging behind and he felt...
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