这些文化人类学的早期领导者共同巩固了一门明确专注于世界文化比较研究的学科。他们的工作受到了对不同信仰系统,实践和社会组织的真正理解的承诺的激励。作为一个学术领域,人类学致力于文化相对主义的概念,认为所有文化在根本上是平等的,只需要根据自己的规范和价值观进行分析。北美文化人类学家的主要专业组织是文化人类学学会,该学会出版“文化人类学”杂志。民族志研究,也称为民族志,是文化人类学家使用的主要方法。民族志的标志性组成部分是参与者观察,这种方法通常归功于Bronislaw Malinowski。马林诺夫斯基是最有影响力的早期人类学家之一,他早于博阿斯和20世纪早期的美国人类学家。对于马林诺夫斯基来说,人类学家的任务是关注日常生活的细节。这需要生活在被研究的社区内 – 被称为现场 – 并完全沉浸在当地环境,文化和实践中。根据马林诺夫斯基的说法,人类学家通过参与和观察获得数据,因此参与观察这一术语。马林诺夫斯基在特罗布里恩群岛的早期研究中制定了这种方法,并在其整个职业生涯中继续发展和实施。这些方法随后被博阿斯和博阿斯的学生采用。这种方法成为当代文化人类学的一个特征。虽然文化人类学家的传统形象涉及研究遥远地区偏远社区的研究人员,但现实却更加多样化。二十一世纪的文化人类学家在所有类型的环境中进行研究,并且可以在人类生活的任何地方工作。有些甚至专注于数字(或在线)世界,为当今的虚拟领域调整人种学方法。人类学家在世界各地进行实地考察,有些人甚至在他们的祖国进行实地考察。

加拿大渥太华大学文化Essay代写:不同信仰系统

These early leaders of cultural anthropology have consolidated a discipline that clearly focuses on comparative research in world culture. Their work is motivated by a commitment to a true understanding of different belief systems, practices and social organizations. As an academic field, anthropology is committed to the concept of cultural relativism, arguing that all cultures are fundamentally equal and only need to be analyzed according to their own norms and values. The main professional organization of North American cultural anthropologists is the Cultural Anthropology Society, which publishes the journal Cultural Anthropology. Ethnographic research, also known as ethnography, is the main method used by cultural anthropologists. The iconic component of ethnography is participant observation, which is usually attributed to Bronislaw Malinowski. Malinowski is one of the most influential early anthropologists, he was earlier than Boas and an American anthropologist in the early 20th century. For Malinowski, the task of anthropologists is to focus on the details of everyday life. This requires living in the community being studied – known as the site – and completely immersed in the local environment, culture and practice. According to Malinowski, anthropologists acquire data through participation and observation and therefore participate in the observation of this term. Malinowski developed this method in his early research in the Trobrian Islands and continued to develop and implement throughout his career. These methods were subsequently adopted by students at Boas and Boas. This method has become a feature of contemporary cultural anthropology. Although the traditional image of cultural anthropologists involves researchers working in remote communities in remote areas, the reality is more diverse. Cultural anthropologists of the 21st century conduct research in all types of environments and can work anywhere in human life. Some even focus on the digital (or online) world, adapting ethnographic methods to today’s virtual world. Anthropologists conduct field trips around the world, and some even conduct field trips in their home countries.

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