Robbers Cave实验是社会心理学家Muzafer Sherif及其同事在1940年代和1950年代进行的一系列研究的一部分。 在这些研究中，谢里夫（Sherif）研究了夏令营中的男孩子与一个敌对的男孩子如何相互作用：他假设“当两个男孩子的目标互相矛盾时，即使他们是由经过适当调整的正常人组成的，他们的成员也会彼此敌视。 该研究的参与者是大约11-12岁的男孩，他们认为他们参加了1954年在俄克拉荷马州Robbers Cave国家公园举行的典型夏令营。但是，露营者的父母知道 Sherif和他的同事已经收集了有关参与者的大量信息（例如学校记录和性格测试结果），从而表明他们的孩子实际上正在参加研究。
The Robbers Cave experiment was part of a series of studies conducted by social psychologist Muzafer Sherif and colleagues in the 1940s and 1950s. In these studies, Sherif studied how boys in a summer camp interacted with a hostile boy: He hypothesized that “when two boys’ goals contradict each other, even if they are composed of properly adjusted normal people They are also hostile to each other. The participants in the study were boys between the ages of 11 and 12 who thought they participated in a typical summer camp held in Robbers Cave National Park, Oklahoma in 1954. However, camping Parents know that Sherif and his colleagues have collected a lot of information about the participants (such as school records and personality test results), indicating that their child is actually participating in the study.