19世纪,欧洲和美国的宗教机构(如图1)和军事顾问向波斯介绍了现代教育。从1251年至1836年,第一所现代小学由美国乌尔米亚代表团创立,直到20世纪初,许多外国学校由基督教传教士,UniverselIsraélite联盟以及德黑兰和省城镇的世俗教育者创立。此外,波斯的宗教少数群体建立了现代学校。在此期间,这些外国和少数民族学校为数千名来自中上层阶级的波斯人提供优质教育。他们的毕业生在20世纪之交的国家现代化建设中发挥了重要作用,直到20世纪30年代政府建立了国家学校体系时,波斯的现代教育仍然具有重要意义(见上文vii)。第一次打击是在1932年,当时Majles(议会)禁止外国小学接受波斯学生,基本上关闭他们;一些学者认为,这项措施旨在阻止穆斯林在这些学校中的入学人数迅速增加(Zirinsky,第134页)。最后,在1939年,政府决定控制波斯所有剩余的外国教育机构(Mansoori,第134-35页;有关英美努力保持学校开放的详细信息,请参阅SayfpūrFāṭemī,pp.567-77 )。

美国爱荷华大学Essay代写:PERSIA的外国和少数民族学校

Modern education was introduced to Persia in the 19th century by European and American religious institutions (e.g., Figure 1) and military advisers. From 1251/1836, when the first modern elementary school was founded by the American mission in Urmia, until the early 20th century scores of foreign schools were founded by Christian missionaries, the Alliance Universelle Israélite, and secular educators in Tehran and provincial towns. In addition, religious minorities in Persia founded modern schools. Throughout this period these foreign and minority schools provided quality education to thousands of Persians from upper- and middle-class backgrounds. Their graduates played an important part in the modernization of the country at the turn of the 20th century and remained significant in modern education in Persia until the 1930s, when the government established a national school system (see vii, above). The first blow came in 1932, when the Majles (parliament) prohibited foreign elementary schools from accepting Persian students, essentially closing them; some scholars have suggested that this measure was designed to halt the rapidly increasing enrollment of Muslims in such schools (Zirinsky, p. 134). Finally, in 1939, the government decided to take control of all remaining foreign educational establishments in Persia (Mansoori, pp. 134-35; for details of Anglo-American efforts to keep their schools open, see Sayfpūr Fāṭemī, pp. 567-77).

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