天启的概念具有悠久而丰富的文学和宗教传统,其含义超出了我们在戏剧电影海报上看到的内容。启示录这个词来源于希腊语apokálypsis,它在字面上翻译为“揭露”。在像圣经这样的宗教文本的背景下,这个词通常用于信息或知识的神圣披露,通常是通过某种预言的梦想或愿景。这些异象中的知识通常与结束时间或对神圣真理的见解有关。一些元素通常与圣经启示有关,包括但不限于基于图像的象征,数字以及特定或重要的时间段。在基督教圣经中,有两本主要的启示录;在希伯来圣经中,只有一个。丹尼尔是犹太人和基督徒传统共有的大灾难。在主要先知(但以理书,耶利米书,以西结书和以赛亚书)和犹太圣经中的Kevitum中,基督教圣经的旧约中都可以找到它。与天启有关的部分是文本的后半部分,其中包括四个愿景。第一个梦想是四个野兽,其中一个在被神圣的法官摧毁之前摧毁整个世界,然后神圣的法官给予“人之子”永恒的王权(这本身就是犹太 – 基督教世界末日着作中经常出现的特殊短语) )。然后丹尼尔被告知这些野兽代表了地球上的“民族”,他们将来有一天会对圣人发动战争,但会得到神圣的审判。这个愿景包括圣经启示录的几个标志,包括数字象征(四个兽代表四个王国),结束时间的预测,以及正常标准未定义的仪式时期(规定最终的国王将为“两次战争”丹尼尔的第二个愿景是一只双角的公羊,它一直猖獗直到被山羊摧毁。然后山羊长出一个小号角,它变得越来越大,直到它亵渎圣殿。再一次,我们看到了动物曾经代表人类的国家:据说公羊的角代表波斯人和米德人,虽然据说山羊是希腊,但它的破坏性角本身就是一个邪恶之王的代表。数字预言也通过规范出现寺庙不洁净的天数。解释第二个异象的天使加布里埃尔回答了丹尼尔关于先知耶利米对耶路撒冷及其耶路撒冷的承诺的问题。寺庙将被摧毁70年。天使告诉丹尼尔,预言实际上指的是相当于一周中的天数乘以70(总共490年)的若干年,并且圣殿将被恢复,但随后被一个邪恶的统治者再次摧毁。七号在第三次世界末日的视野中扮演着重要的角色,无论是一周中的天数还是关键的“七十”,这都是相当普遍的:七(或七十七岁的变化)是一个象征性的数字这通常代表更多数字的概念或时间的仪式化时间。丹尼尔的第四个也是最后一个愿景可能是最接近大众想象中的启示性,末世末世概念。在其中,一位天使或其他神圣的人向丹尼尔展示了未来的时间,人类的国家处于战争状态,扩展了邪恶的统治者经过并摧毁圣殿的第三个异象。

美国达特茅斯学院宗教学Assignment代写:什么是启示录

The concept of apocalypse has a long and rich literary and religious tradition whose meaning goes beyond what we see on dramatic movie posters. The word apocalypse is derived from the Greek word apokálypsis, which translates most literally to “an uncovering.” In the context of religious texts like the Bible, the word is most often used in relation to a holy disclosure of information or knowledge, usually through some sort of prophetic dream or vision. The knowledge in these visions is typically related to either end times or to insights into the truth of the divine. Several elements are often associated with biblical apocalypse, including but not limited to image-based symbolism, numbers, and specific or significant periods of time. In the Christian Bible, there are two major apocalyptic books; in the Hebrew Bible, there is only one. Daniel is the apocalypse that both Jewish and Christian traditions share. It is found in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible among the Major Prophets (Daniel, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Isaiah) and in the Kevitum in the Jewish Bible. The section related to apocalypse is the second half of the texts, which consists of four visions. The first dream is of four beasts, one of which destroys the whole world before being destroyed by a divine judge, who then gives eternal kingship to a “son of man” (itself a particular phrase that turns up frequently in Judeo-Christian apocalyptic writings). Daniel is then told that the beasts represent the “nations” of the earth, who will one day wage war against the holy but will receive divine judgment. This vision includes several hallmarks of biblical apocalypse, including numerical symbolism (four beasts represent four kingdoms), predictions of end times, and ritualistic periods of time undefined by normal standards (it is specified that the final king will make war for “two times and a half”). Daniel’s second vision is of a two-horned ram that runs rampant until being destroyed by a goat. The goat then grows a small horn that gets larger and larger until it desecrates the holy temple. Once again, we see animals used to represent human nations: the ram’s horns are said to represent the Persians and the Medes, and while the goat is said to be Greece, its destructive horn is itself representative of an evil king to come. Numerical prophecies are also present through the specification of the number of days that the temple is unclean. The angel Gabriel, who explained the second vision, returns for Daniel’s questions about the prophet Jeremiah’s promise that Jerusalem and its Temple would be destroyed for 70 years. The angel tells Daniel that the prophecy actually refers to a number of years equivalent to the number of days in a week multiplied by 70 (for a total of 490 years), and that the Temple would be restored but then destroyed again by a wicked ruler. The number seven plays a major role in this third apocalyptic vision, both as the number of days in a week and in the crucial “seventy,” which is fairly common: seven (or variations like “seventy times seven”) is a symbolic number that often stands in for the concept of much greater numbers or the ritualistic passage of time. The fourth and final vision of Daniel is probably the closest to the revelatory, end-of-times concept of apocalypse found in popular imagination. In it, an angel or other divine being shows Daniel a future time where the nations of man are at war, expanding upon the third vision in which an evil ruler passes through and destroys the Temple

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