接触假说是由研究人员在20世纪中叶提出的,他们对了解如何减少冲突和偏见感兴趣。例如,在1940年代和1950年代的研究发现,与其他群体成员的接触与偏见程度较低有关。在1951年进行的一项研究中,研究人员研究了隔离或分离的住房单元中的生活与偏见之间的关系,发现在纽约(住房被隔离的地方),白人研究参与者的偏见比在纽瓦克(住房是白人)的白人参与者低。仍隔离)。哈佛心理学家Gordon Allport是研究接触假说的关键早期理论家之一,他于1954年出版了颇具影响力的著作《偏见的本质》。在他的书中,Allport回顾了先前有关群体间接触和偏见的研究。他发现,在某些情况下,接触减少了偏见,但这并不是万能药,在某些情况下,群体间的接触也使偏见和冲突更加恶化。为了解决这个问题,Allport试图弄清接触何时成功减少了偏见,他提出了四个条件,后来的研究人员对其进行了研究。

美国德克萨斯州Social science 论文代写:偏见的本质

The contact hypothesis was proposed by researchers in the mid-20th century and they are interested in understanding how to reduce conflict and prejudice. For example, studies in the 1940s and 1950s found that exposure to other members of the group was associated with a lower degree of bias. In a study conducted in 1951, the researchers studied the relationship between life and prejudice in isolated or separated housing units and found that in New York (where housing is isolated), white research participants were more biased than in New York. WACKER (housing is white) has low white participants. Still isolated). Harvard psychologist Gordon Allport was one of the key early theorists to study the contact hypothesis. In 1954 he published an influential book, The Essence of Prejudice. In his book, Allport reviews previous research on inter-group contact and prejudice. He found that in some cases, exposure reduces prejudice, but this is not a panacea, and in some cases, inter-group contacts also exacerbate prejudice and conflict. In order to solve this problem, Allport tried to find out when the contact was successful and reduced the prejudice. He proposed four conditions, which were later studied by researchers.

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