The original version of the Marshmallow test used by Mischel and colleagues in the study included a simple scenario. A child is brought into a room and rewarded, usually marshmallow or some other ideal food. The child was told that the researchers had to leave the room, but if they could wait until the researchers came back, the child would get two marshmallows, not just the one they were sent to. If they can’t wait, they won’t get a better reward. The researchers will then leave the room for a specific period of time (usually 15 minutes, but sometimes up to 20 minutes), or until the child can no longer refuse to eat a single marshmallow in front of them. In the more than six years of the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mischel and colleagues repeated cotton candy tests on hundreds of children on the Stanford campus. The children were between the ages of 3 and 5 when they participated in the experiment. Changes in the test for marshmallows used by researchers include different ways to help children delay their satisfaction, such as blurring treatment in front of a child or giving children instructions to think about other things to get their thoughts out of their treatment. wait.


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