Mischel及其同事在研究中使用的棉花糖测试的原始版本包括一个简单的场景。一个孩子被带进一个房间并获得奖励,通常是棉花糖或其他一些理想的食物。孩子被告知研究人员不得不离开房间,但如果他们可以等到研究人员回来,孩子就会得到两个棉花糖,而不仅仅是他们被送到的那个。如果他们不能等待,他们就不会获得更理想的奖励。然后研究人员将离开房间一段特定的时间(通常是15分钟,但有时长达20分钟),或者直到孩子再也不能拒绝在他们面前吃单一的棉花糖了。在20世纪60年代末和70年代初的六年多时间里,Mischel及其同事在斯坦福大学校园内的数百名儿童中重复了棉花糖测试。孩子们在参加实验时年龄在3到5岁之间。研究人员使用的棉花糖测试的变化包括帮助孩子延迟满足的不同方法,例如在孩子面前模糊治疗或给孩子指示思考其他事情以使他们的思绪脱离他们的待遇。等待。

美国杜克大学教育Assignment代写:棉花糖测试

The original version of the Marshmallow test used by Mischel and colleagues in the study included a simple scenario. A child is brought into a room and rewarded, usually marshmallow or some other ideal food. The child was told that the researchers had to leave the room, but if they could wait until the researchers came back, the child would get two marshmallows, not just the one they were sent to. If they can’t wait, they won’t get a better reward. The researchers will then leave the room for a specific period of time (usually 15 minutes, but sometimes up to 20 minutes), or until the child can no longer refuse to eat a single marshmallow in front of them. In the more than six years of the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mischel and colleagues repeated cotton candy tests on hundreds of children on the Stanford campus. The children were between the ages of 3 and 5 when they participated in the experiment. Changes in the test for marshmallows used by researchers include different ways to help children delay their satisfaction, such as blurring treatment in front of a child or giving children instructions to think about other things to get their thoughts out of their treatment. wait.

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