在进入该领域之前,进行自然观察的研究人员必须确定研究范围。 尽管研究人员可能想在选定的环境中研究有关人们的一切,但鉴于人类行为的复杂性,这可能不现实。 结果,研究者必须将观察集中在他们最感兴趣的特定行为和反应上。 例如,研究人员可能选择通过计算特定行为发生的次数来收集定量数据。 因此,如果研究人员对狗主人与狗的互动感兴趣,他们可能会计算主人在散步时与狗说话的次数。 另一方面,自然观察过程中收集的许多数据,包括笔记,音频和视频记录以及访谈,都是定性数据,需要研究人员描述,分析和解释所观察到的内容。

美国范德堡大学research paper代写:定性数据

Before entering the field, researchers conducting natural observation must determine the scope of the study. Although researchers may want to study everything about people in a chosen environment, this may not be realistic given the complexity of human behavior. As a result, researchers must focus their observations on specific behaviors and reactions that are of most interest to them. For example, researchers may choose to collect quantitative data by counting the number of times a particular behavior occurs. So if researchers are interested in dog owner-to-dog interaction, they might count how many times the owner talks to the dog while walking. On the other hand, many of the data collected during the natural observation process, including notes, audio and video recordings, and interviews, are qualitative data and require researchers to describe, analyze, and explain what is observed.

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