“清醒梦”一词是由荷兰作家和精神病学家弗雷德里克·范·艾登于1913年在他的文章“梦的研究”中创造的。然而,清晰的梦想自古以来就已为人所知。它是瑜伽nidra古老的印度教练习和西藏梦幻瑜伽练习的一部分。亚里士多德提到清醒梦。 Pergamon的医生Galen使用清醒梦作为他的医疗实践的一部分。虽然科学家和哲学家早就了解清醒梦的实践及其益处,但这种现象背后的神经学只在20世纪和21世纪被研究过。斯坦福大学斯蒂芬·拉伯格1985年的一项研究表明,与大多数梦想不同,清醒梦中的时间感觉与醒着的生活大致相同。脑电图(EEG)表明在快速眼动(REM)睡眠状态期间清醒的梦想开始,但是在清醒的梦中,大脑的不同部分比普通的梦中活跃。清醒梦的怀疑者认为这些感知发生在短暂的清醒时期,而不是睡眠阶段。无论他们如何工作以及他们是否真的是“梦想”,体验清醒梦想的人都能够观察他们的梦想,回想起清醒的世界,有时还能控制梦想的方向。

美国哥伦比亚心理学Essay代写:关于清醒梦想

The term “lucid dream” was coined by Dutch writer and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden in 1913 in his article “A Study of Dreams.” However, lucid dreaming has been known and practiced since ancient time. It is part of the ancient Hindu practice of yoga nidra and the Tibetan practice of dream yoga. Aristotle referred to lucid dreaming. The physician Galen of Pergamon used lucid dreaming as part of his medical practice. While scientists and philosophers have long understood the practice of lucid dreaming and its benefits, the neurology behind the phenomenon has only been examined in the 20th and 21st centuries. A 1985 study by Stephen LaBerge at Stanford University revealed that, unlike in most dreams, time perception in lucid dreaming is about the same as in waking life. Electroencephalograms (EEGs) indicate lucid dreaming starts during the Rapid Eye Movement (REM) state of sleep, but different parts of the brain are active during a lucid dream than during an ordinary dream. Skeptics of lucid dreams believe these perceptions take place during a brief period of wakefulness rather than a stage of sleep. Regardless of how they work and whether they are truly “dreams,” people who experience lucid dreams are able to observe their dreams, recall the waking world, and sometimes control the direction of the dream.

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