道德决策方法不仅以道德决策而且与做出这些决定的人有关。一些这样的方法关注于在道德决策情境中做出的选择所产生的行为,以便确定哪些行为是正确的,或道德上正确的,以及哪些行为是错误的,或在道德上是不正确的。其他道德决策方法集中在在道德决策情境中采取行动的人(即代理人),以确定那些性格好,或在道德上值得称赞的人,以及那些品格不好或道德上的人。应受谴责。这些方法的理论家处理的问题包括:在特定道德决策情境中的所有可用选项中,哪个是道德上正确的选择?品格的特殊美德是什么,它们一起构成了一个好人?某些人类行为,无一例外,总是在道德上不正确吗?在特定的道德话语实例中使用的语言的含义是什么,无论是实践的还是理论的?具体的道德观念是什么意思?和许多其他人。接下来是对这些方法的支持者提供的一些最有影响力的道德决策方法的看法,这些方法已经应用于医疗保健领域的伦理问题

美国加州大学Essay代写:道德决策方法

Methods of moral decision-making are concerned, in a variety of ways, not only with moral decision-making but also with the people who make such decisions. Some such methods focus on the actions that result from the choices that are made in moral decision-making situations in order to determine which of such actions are right, or morally correct, and which of such actions are wrong, or morally incorrect. Other methods of moral decision-making concentrate on the persons who commit actions in moral decision-making situations (that is, the agents) in order to determine those whose character is good, or morally praiseworthy, and those whose character is bad, or morally condemnable. The theorists of such methods deal with such questions as: Of all of the available options in a particular moral decision-making situation, which is the morally correct one to choose?; What are the particular virtues of character that, in conjunction, constitute a good person?; Are there certain human actions that, without exception, are always morally incorrect?; What is the meaning of the language used in specific instances of moral discourse, whether practical or theoretical?; What is meant by a specific moral concept?; and many others. What follows is a look at some of the most influential methods of moral decision-making that have been offered by proponents of such methods and that have been applied to ethical issues in the field of health care.

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