在研究婴儿及其照顾者之间的互动时,鲍比注意到婴儿需要与他们的照顾者保持密切的距离,而且当他们分开时,他们通常会感到非常痛苦。 Bowlby认为,这种反应是进化行为的一部分:由于年幼的婴儿依赖父母照料,因此与父母的亲密接触具有进化适应性。 根据依恋理论,个人会根据这些早期依恋对他人的行为产生期望。 例如,如果孩子的父母在受苦时通常反应灵敏且支持他人,则依恋理论将预测该孩子将成为信任的成年人。 另一方面,父母对其前后反应不一致或否定的孩子,成年后可能难以信任他人。

美国教育学Childhood education代写:照顾者

In studying the interactions between babies and their caregivers, Bobby noticed that babies need to keep a close distance from their caregivers, and they often feel very painful when they separate. Bowlby believes that this response is part of evolutionary behavior: Because young babies rely on parental care, close contact with parents is evolutionarily adaptive. According to attachment theory, individuals develop expectations of others’ behavior based on these early attachments. For example, if a child’s parents are usually responsive and supportive when suffering, then attachment theory predicts that the child will become a trusted adult. On the other hand, children whose parents react inconsistently or negatively may have difficulty trusting others as adults.

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