詹姆斯·兰格理论是由威廉·詹姆斯和卡尔·兰格在1800年代后期发展起来的,他们分别发表了关于情感本质的相似著作。根据詹姆士(James)和兰格(Lange)的说法,情感包括人体对环境中某些事物的身体反应。当您目睹情绪激动时,这会导致身体发生变化。例如,您的心率或血压可能增加,您可能开始出汗或开始更快地呼吸。詹姆斯在他的《心理学原理》一书中著名地解释了这一理论:他写道:“我们感到抱歉是因为我们哭泣,生气是因为我们罢工,害怕是因为我们颤抖,而不是因为我们感到抱歉而哭泣,罢工或颤抖,换句话说,我们的情绪反应包括我们对环境中潜在情绪事件的身体反应。詹姆斯建议这些身体反应是我们情感的关键,没有它们,我们的经历将是“苍白,无色,[和]情感情感的贫困”。

美国旧金山心理学Assignment代写:心理学原理

The James Lange theory was developed by William James and Carl Lange in the late 1800s, and they published similar works on the nature of emotions. According to James and Lange, emotions include the body’s physical response to certain things in the environment. When you see your emotions, this can cause your body to change. For example, your heart rate or blood pressure may increase and you may start to sweat or start breathing faster. James famously explained this theory in his book Principles of Psychology: He wrote: “We feel sorry because we are crying, we are angry because we are going on strike, we are afraid because we are shaking, not because we feel Sorry to cry, strike or tremble. In other words, our emotional reactions include our physical reactions to potential emotional events in the environment. James suggests that these physical reactions are the key to our emotions. Without them, our experience will be “pale, Colorless, [and] emotional and emotional poverty.”

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