选举团制度是根据美国宪法第二条于1788年制定的。开国元勋选择它作为允许国会选举总统和让总统直接通过民众投票选举产生的妥协。创始人认为,当时最普通的公民在政治问题上受教育程度低,不知情。因此,他们决定使用消息灵通的选民的“代理”投票,可以减少“多数人的暴政”的风险,在这种情况下,少数人的声音被群众淹没。此外,创始人推断该系统将阻止人口较多的国家对选举产生不平等的影响。然而,批评者认为,创始人的推理不再具有相关性,因为今天的选民受过更好的教育,几乎可以无限制地获取信息和候选人在这些问题上的立场。此外,虽然创始人认为选民在1788年“没有任何险恶的偏见”,但今天的选民是由政党选出的,并且通常“承诺”投票支持该党的候选人而不管他们自己的信仰如何。

美国密西西比社会学Assignment代写:险恶的偏见

The Electoral College system was enacted in 1788 in accordance with Article 2 of the US Constitution. The founding fathers chose it as a compromise that allowed the president to elect the president and let the president vote directly through the popular vote. The founders believed that the most ordinary citizens at that time were poorly educated on political issues and were unaware of them. Therefore, they decided to use the “agent” vote of well-informed voters to reduce the risk of “majority tyranny”, in which case the voice of a few people was overwhelmed by the masses. In addition, the founders concluded that the system would prevent countries with a larger population from having an unequal impact on elections. However, critics believe that the founder’s reasoning is no longer relevant, because today’s voters are better educated and have unrestricted access to information and candidates’ positions on these issues. In addition, although the founders believed that voters did not have any sinister prejudice in 1788, today’s voters are elected by political parties and usually “committed” to vote for the party’s candidates regardless of their own beliefs.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注