尽管很多人认为追求卓越是一件好事,但研究人员发现,在极端情况下,完美主义实际上与较低的心理健康相关。在一项研究中,研究人员分析了以往研究中完美主义与心理健康的关系。他们总共研究了284项研究(超过57,000位参与者),发现完美主义与抑郁症,焦虑症,强迫症和饮食失调症有关。他们还发现,完美主义较高的人(即参与者更强烈与完美主义特征相一致)也报告了更高水平的整体心理困扰。在2016年发表的一篇文章中,研究人员研究了完美主义和抑郁如何随着时间的推移而相关。他们发现,完美主义较高的人倾向于抑郁症状增加,这表明完美主义可能是发展抑郁症的危险因素。换句话说,虽然人们可能认为自己的完美主义是帮助他们成功的东西,但是看起来他们的完美主义实际上可能会损害他们的心理健康。完美主义总是有害的吗?心理学家们就这一点进行了辩论,一些人认为可以有适应性完美主义这样的事情,在这种事情中,人们坚持自己的高标准而不对自己犯的错误进行自我批评。一些研究人员认为,完美主义的健康形式涉及追求目标,因为你想要,而不是在你未能达到目标时责怪自己。然而,其他研究人员认为完美主义不具有适应性:根据这些研究人员的观点,完美主义不仅仅是坚持高标准,他们也不认为完美主义是有益的。

美国南加州大学心理学Essay代写:为什么成为完美主义者会有害

Although many people see the pursuit of excellence as a good thing, researchers have found that on the extreme end, perfectionism is actually linked to lower mental health.In one study, researchers analyzed how perfectionism was related to mental health across previous studies. They looked at a total of 284 studies (with over 57,000 participants) and found that perfectionism was associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders.They also found that people higher in perfectionism (i.e. participants who more strongly identified with perfectionist traits) also reported higher levels of overall psychological distress.In an article published in 2016, researchers looked at how perfectionism and depression were related over time.They found that people higher in perfectionism tended to have increases in depression symptoms, which suggests that perfectionism may be a risk factor for developing depression. In other words, although people may think of their perfectionism as something that helps them succeed, it appears that their perfectionism may actually be harmful for their mental health.Is perfectionism always harmful? Psychologists have debated this point, with some suggesting that there can be such a thing as adaptive perfectionism, in which people hold themselves to high standards without engaging in self-criticism over mistakes they make. Some researchers have suggested that a healthier form of perfectionism involves pursuing goals because you want to, and not blaming yourself if you fail to meet a goal. However, other researchers suggest that perfectionism is not adaptive: according to these researchers, perfectionism is more than just holding yourself to high standards, and they don’t think perfectionism is beneficial.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注