如果我们印刷更多的钱,价格会上涨,以至于我们没有比以前更好的价格。为了了解原因,我们认为这不是真的,而且当我们大幅增加货币供应时,价格不会增加太多。考虑一下美国的情况。让我们假设美国决定通过向每个男人,女人和孩子邮寄一个装满钱的信封来增加货币供应量。人们用这笔钱做什么?其中一些资金将被挽救,有些可能用于偿还抵押贷款和信用卡等债务,但其中大部分都将用于支出。你不会成为唯一一个买完Xbox的人。这给沃尔玛带来了问题。他们是否保持价格相同,没有足够的Xbox可以卖给想要的人,还是提高价格?显而易见的决定是提高价格。如果沃尔玛(以及其他所有人)决定立即提高价格,我们就会有大规模的通货膨胀,而我们的资金现在已经贬值了。由于我们试图争辩说这不会发生,我们假设沃尔玛和其他零售商不会增加Xbox的价格。由于Xbox的价格保持稳定,Xbox的供应必须满足这一增加的需求。如果存在短缺,那么价格肯定会上涨,因为被拒绝使用Xbox的消费者会提出支付的价格远远超过沃尔玛之前收取的价格。由于Xbox的零售价格不会上涨,我们需要Xbox的生产商,微软,以增加产量,以满足这种增长的需求。当然,在某些行业中,这在技术上是不可能的,因为存在能力限制(机械,工厂空间)限制在短时间内可以增加多少产量。我们还需要微软不要对每个系统的零售商收取更多费用,因为这会导致沃尔玛提高他们向消费者收取的价格,因为我们正试图创造一个Xbox价格不会上涨的情景。按照这种逻辑,我们还需要生产Xbox的单位成本不会上升。这将是困难的,因为微软从中购买部件的公司将面临同样的压力和激励措施来提高沃尔玛和微软的价格。如果微软要生产更多的Xbox,他们将需要更多的工时,而获得这些时间不能增加太多(如果有的话)他们的单位成本,否则他们将被迫提高价格他们向零售商收费。工资主要是价格;小时工资是一个人为一小时劳动收费的价格。小时工资不可能保持在目前的水平。一些增加的劳动力可能来自加班的员工。这显然增加了成本,如果工人每天工作12小时而不是工作,那么工人(每小时)的工作效率可能不高8。许多公司需要雇用额外的劳动力。这种对额外劳动力的需求将导致工资上涨,因为公司提高工资率以吸引工人为公司工作。他们还必须诱使现有工人不要退休。如果给你一个装满现金的信封,你认为你在工作时间或更少的工作时间吗?劳动力市场压力要求工资增加,因此产品成本也必须增加。

美国内华达州经济学论文代写:钞票发行

If we print more money, the price will rise so much that we don’t have a better price than before. In order to understand the reasons, we think this is not true, and when we increase the money supply significantly, the price will not increase too much. Consider the situation in the United States. Let us assume that the United States has decided to increase the money supply by mailing an envelope full of money to every man, woman and child. What do people do with this money? Some of these funds will be saved, and some may be used to repay debts such as mortgages and credit cards, but most of them will be spent. You won’t be the only one who bought the Xbox. This has caused problems for Wal-Mart. Do they keep the price the same, don’t have enough Xbox to sell to the person you want, or raise the price? The obvious decision is to raise the price. If Wal-Mart (and everyone else) decides to raise prices immediately, we will have massive inflation, and our funds are now devalued. Since we are trying to argue that this will not happen, we assume that Wal-Mart and other retailers will not increase the price of the Xbox. As the price of the Xbox remains stable, the Xbox supply must meet this increased demand. If there is a shortage, the price will definitely rise, because consumers who are denied access to the Xbox will offer a price that far exceeds the price previously charged by Wal-Mart. Since the retail price of the Xbox will not rise, we need the Xbox manufacturer, Microsoft, to increase production to meet this growing demand. Of course, in some industries, this is technically impossible because there are capacity limitations (mechanical, factory space) that limit how much production can be increased in a short period of time. We also need Microsoft not to charge more for each system’s retailers, because this will cause Wal-Mart to increase the price they charge consumers, because we are trying to create a scenario where the Xbox price will not rise. According to this logic, we still need to produce Xbox unit costs will not rise. This will be difficult because Microsoft’s companies that buy parts from it will face the same pressures and incentives to increase the price of Wal-Mart and Microsoft. If Microsoft wants to produce more Xboxes, they will need more hours, and getting these hours won’t add too much (if any) to their unit cost, otherwise they will be forced to raise the price they charge the retailer. The wage is mainly the price; the hourly wage is the price charged by one person for one hour of labor. The hourly wage cannot be maintained at the current level. Some of the increased labor may come from overtime employees. This obviously increases the cost. If the worker works 12 hours a day instead of working, the worker (hourly) may not work as efficiently. Many companies need to hire additional labor. This demand for additional labor will lead to higher wages as companies raise wage rates to attract workers to work for the company. They must also induce existing workers not to retire. If you are given an envelope full of cash, do you think you are working time or less working time? Labor market pressures require wages to increase, so product costs must also increase.

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