军事社会学是对军队的社会学研究。它审查了军队，战斗，军人家庭，军事社会组织，战争与和平以及军队福利等军事招募，种族和性别代表等问题。军事社会学是现场社会学中相对较小的子领域。很少有大学提供军事社会学课程，只有少数学术专业人士负责研究和/或撰写军事社会学。近年来，大多数可归类为军事社会学的研究都是由私人研究机构或军事机构完成的，如兰德公司，布鲁金斯学会，人力资源研究组织，陆军研究所和国防部长办公室。此外，进行这些研究的研究团队通常是跨学科的，来自社会学，心理学，政治学，经济学和商业的研究人员。这绝不意味着军事社会学是一个小领域。军队是美国最大的单一政府机构，围绕它的问题可能会对军事政策和社会学作为一门学科的发展产生重要影响。以下是军事社会学研究的一些问题：服务基础。第二次世界大战后美国军事社会学中最重要的问题之一是从起草转向志愿服务。这是一个巨大的变化，当时的影响是未知的。社会学家现在并且仍然对这种变化如何影响社会感兴趣，这些人是谁自愿进入军队，为什么，以及这种变化是否影响了军队的代表性（例如，是否有更多未受过教育的少数民族自愿进入而不是被选中在选秀中）？社会代表和访问。社会代表性是指军队代表其所在人口的程度。社会学家对谁被代表，为什么存在虚假陈述以及代表性在整个历史中如何变化感兴趣。例如，在越南战争时期，一些民权领袖声称非洲裔美国人在武装部队中的比例过高，因此造成了不公平的伤亡。在妇女权利运动中，性别代表性也成为一个主要问题，在妇女参与军队方面产生了重大的政策变化。近年来，当比尔克林顿总统推翻对男女同性恋者的军事禁令时，性取向首次成为重大军事政策辩论的焦点。在美国总统巴拉克•奥巴马（Barack Obama）废除“不要问，不要告诉”政策以便男女同性恋者现在可以在军队中公开服务之后，这个话题再次成为人们关注的焦点。战斗社会学。对战斗社会学的研究涉及战斗单位所涉及的社会过程。例如，研究人员经常研究单位凝聚力和士气，领导者 – 部队关系以及战斗动机。家庭问题。过去五十年来，已婚军人的比例大大增加，这意味着军队中有更多的家庭和家庭关注。社会学家有兴趣研究家庭政策问题，例如军队配偶的角色和权利以及部署单亲军人时的托儿问题。社会学家也对与家庭有关的军事福利感兴趣，如住房改善，医疗保险，海外学校和儿童保育，以及它们如何影响家庭和更大的社会。
Military sociology is a sociological study of the military. It examines issues such as military recruitment, military and military organizations, military and social organizations, war and peace, and military welfare, such as military recruitment, ethnicity, and gender representation. Military sociology is a relatively small subfield of on-site sociology. Few universities offer military sociology courses, and only a few academic professionals are responsible for research and/or writing military sociology. In recent years, most of the research that can be classified as military sociology has been done by private research institutions or military institutions, such as the RAND Corporation, the Brookings Institution, the Human Resources Research Organization, the Army Research Institute, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense. In addition, the research teams conducting these studies are usually interdisciplinary, from sociology, psychology, political science, economics, and business researchers. This does not mean that military sociology is a small field. The military is the largest single government agency in the United States, and its problems around it may have an important impact on the development of military policy and sociology as a discipline. The following are some of the issues in military sociology research: the basis of services. One of the most important issues in American military sociology after the Second World War was the shift from drafting to volunteering. This is a huge change, and the impact at the time was unknown. Sociologists are and still are interested in how this change affects society, who is voluntarily entering the military, and why, and whether this change affects the representation of the military (eg, whether there are more uneducated minorities) Voluntary entry instead of being selected in the draft)? Social representatives and visits. Social representation refers to the extent to which the military represents its population. Sociologists are interested in who is represented, why there are false statements, and how representation changes throughout history. For example, during the Vietnam War, some civil rights leaders claimed that the proportion of African Americans in the armed forces was too high, thus causing unfair casualties. Gender representation has also become a major issue in the women’s rights movement, with major policy changes in women’s participation in the military. In recent years, when President Bill Clinton overthrew the military ban on gays and lesbians, sexual orientation became the focus of major military policy debates for the first time. After US President Barack Obama abolished the “Don’t ask, don’t tell” policy so that gays and lesbians can now openly serve in the military, this topic has once again become the focus of attention. Combat sociology. The study of combat sociology involves the social processes involved in combat units. For example, researchers often study unit cohesion and morale, leader-force relations, and fighting motivation. family problem. Over the past 50 years, the proportion of married military personnel has increased significantly, which means that there are more families and families in the military. Sociologists are interested in studying family policy issues, such as the role and rights of military spouses and childcare issues when deploying single-parent soldiers. Sociologists are also interested in family-related military welfare, such as housing improvements, health insurance, overseas schools and child care, and how they affect families and larger societies.