马克·夏加尔于1887年7月7日出生在俄罗斯帝国东北边缘的维捷布斯克附近的哈西德社区，现在是白俄罗斯。他的父母将他命名为Moishe（摩西希伯来语）Shagal，但是当他住在巴黎时，拼写在法国蓬勃发展。夏加尔的生活故事经常被赋予戏剧性的天赋。在他1921年的自传“我的生活”（亚马逊的观点）中，他声称自己“天生就死了”。为了复活他那无生气的身体，这个心烦意乱的家人用针刺他，然后将他浸入一个水槽中。那一刻，一场火灾爆发了，所以他们把床垫上的母亲送到镇上的另一个地方。为了增加混乱，夏加尔的出生年份可能记录不正确。夏加尔声称他出生于1889年，而不是1887年。无论是真实的还是想象的，夏加尔出生的情况在他的画作中成为一个反复出现的主题。母亲和婴儿的图像混合着颠倒的房屋，翻滚的农场动物，小提琴手和杂技演员，拥抱爱人，肆虐的火焰和宗教符号。他最早的作品之一，“出生”（1911-1912），是他自己的诞生的图画叙事。他的生活几乎失败了，夏加尔在一个与姐妹们熙熙攘攘的家庭中长大了一个非常崇拜的儿子。他的父亲 – “总是很累，总是很沉思” – 在鱼市场上穿着，穿着“用鲱鱼盐水照射的衣服。”夏加尔的母亲在经营一家杂货店时生了八个孩子。他们住在一个小村庄里，一群“悲伤和同性恋”的木制房屋在雪地里倾斜。正如夏加尔的画作“Over Vitebsk”（1914年）一样，犹太人的传统很大。这个家庭属于一个重视歌舞的教派。作为最崇高的奉献形式，但是禁止人造的上帝作品的形象。年轻的夏加尔唱着拉小提琴，怯懦，口吃，屈服于小丑。他在家里讲了意第绪语，并在犹太儿童小学上学。政府对其犹太人口施加了许多限制.Chagall只是在母亲行贿后才被国家资助的中学录取。在那里，他学会说俄语并用新语写诗。他在俄罗斯杂志上看到插图并开始想象一下，这似乎是一个遥不可及的梦想：作为艺术家的生活。
Marc Chagall was born on July 7, 1887 in a Hasidic community near Vitebsk, on the northeastern fringe of the Russian Empire, in the state that is now Belarus. His parents named him Moishe (Hebrew for Moses) Shagal, but the spelling took on a French flourish when he lived in Paris. Stories of Chagall’s life are often told with a dramatic flair. In his 1921 autobiography, My Life (view on Amazon), he claimed that he was “born dead.” To revive his lifeless body, the distraught family pricked him with needles and dipped him into a trough of water. At that moment, a fire broke out, so they whisked the mother on her mattress to another part of town. To add to the chaos, Chagall’s birth year may have been recorded incorrectly. Chagall claimed that he was born in 1889, not 1887 as recorded. Whether true or imagined, the circumstances of Chagall’s birth became a recurrent theme in his paintings. Images of mothers and infants mingled with upside-down houses, tumbling farm animals, fiddlers and acrobats, embracing lovers, raging fires, and religious symbols. One of his earliest works, “Birth” (1911-1912), is a pictorial narrative of his own nativity. His life nearly lost, Chagall grew up a much-adored son in a family bustling with younger sisters. His father—”always tired, always pensive”—labored in a fish market and wore clothes that “shone with herring brine.” Chagall’s mother gave birth to eight children while running a grocery shop. They lived in a small village, a “sad and gay” cluster of wooden houses tilting in the snow. As in Chagall’s painting “Over Vitebsk” (1914), Jewish traditions loomed large. The family belonged to a sect that valued song and dance as the highest form of devotion, but forbade man-made images of God’s works. Timid, stuttering, and given to fainting fits, the young Chagall sang and played the violin. He spoke Yiddish at home and attended a primary school for Jewish children. The government imposed many restrictions on its Jewish population. Chagall was admitted to a State-sponsored secondary school only after his mother paid a bribe. There he learned to speak Russian and wrote poems in the new language. He saw illustrations in Russian magazines and began to imagine what must have seemed a far-fetched dream: life as an artist.