公司经常发现在国外聘请经销商或销售代表是可取的。您应该知道,许多国家/地区都制定了法律,保护经销商和/或销售代表在没有明确定义的原因或其他国家认为过度的行为的情况下终止合同。所有此类安排均应采用书面形式,您应在签订任何经销权或销售代理协议之前寻求法律建议,尤其是具有最低库存要求,广泛或无原因终止权利的协议,以及对产品何处以及如何进行限制的协议。出售。您还需要了解美国“反海外腐败法”(FCPA)的规定。 FCPA禁止美国公司及其员工和代理人向外国政府或政治官员支付“任何有价值的东西”,以实现不公平的商业利益。在一些国家,这种付款可能是理所当然的;尽管如此,如果由美国公司制造,他们可能会违反FCPA并导致罚款和其他刑事处罚。某些国家已通过旨在抵制和隔离以色列的法律。这些规定可以包含在采购订单或订单确认表,标准销售或购买条款或书面或电子通信的细则中。如果美国公司和个人帮助或协助实施这种抵制,则会受到处罚。请注意,看似无辜的活动,例如识别供应商,可能构成对未经批准的抵制的帮助。如果您收到了要求遵守或以其他方式协助未经批准的抵制的请求,您必须向商务部的反抵制合规办公室提交报告。

新加坡国立大学经济学论文代写: 国际贸易法

Companies often find it desirable to engage distributors or sale representatives in foreign countries. You should be aware that many countries have laws that protect distributors and/or sales representatives from termination without specifically defined cause, or from other conduct that the country feels to be overreaching. All such arrangements should be in writing, and you should seek legal advice before entering into any distributorship or sales representation agreement, especially one that has minimum inventory requirements, broad or no-cause termination rights, and restrictions on where and how your products can be sold. You also need to be aware of the provisions of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). The FCPA prohibits the payment by U.S. companies and their employees and agents of “anything of value” to foreign governmental or political officials for the purpose or goal of achieving an unfair commercial advantage. In some countries such payments may be expected as a matter of course; nonetheless, if made by a U.S. company they may violate the FCPA and result in fines and other criminal penalties. Certain countries have passed laws aimed at boycotting and isolating Israel. These provisions may be included in the fine print of purchase orders or order acknowledgment forms, standard terms of sale or purchase, or written or electronic communications. U.S. companies and individuals are subject to penalties if they aid or assist in the implementation of this boycott. Be aware that seemingly innocent activities, such as identifying your suppliers, may constitute aid to an unsanctioned boycott. If you have received requests to comply with or otherwise aid an unsanctioned boycott you must file a report with the Office of Antiboycott Compliance of the Department of Commerce.

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