暴力是描述人类之间社会关系的核心概念,这一概念充满了伦理和政治意义。然而,什么是暴力?它可以采取什么形式?人的生命能否没有暴力,它应该是吗?这些是暴力理论应该解决的一些难题。其他问题,例如为什么人类会暴力?或者暴力可能只是公正吗?或者人类是否应该追求非暴力?将留给另一个场合。在本文中,我们将讨论心理暴力,这种暴力将不同于身体暴力和言语暴力。在第一个近似中,心理暴力可以被定义为涉及被侵犯的代理人的心理伤害的那种暴力。你确实有心理暴力,也就是说,任何时候代理人都会自愿给代理人带来一些心理上的痛苦。心理暴力与身体暴力或言语暴力相容。对遭受性侵犯的人造成的伤害不仅是因为她或她的身体受伤所造成的伤害;事件可能引发的心理创伤是暴力行为的一部分,这是一种心理暴力。从政治角度来看,心理暴力至关重要。种族主义和性别歧视确实被分析为政府或社会派别对某些个人造成的暴力形式。从法律角度来看,即使没有对种族主义行为的受害者造成任何物质损害,也承认种族主义是一种暴力形式,是对那些对其人施加压力(即采取某种形式的胁迫)的重要工具。行为是种族主义。另一方面,由于通常很难评估心理损害(谁可以判断一个女人是否真的因为她的熟人的性别歧视行为而遭受痛苦而不是因为她自己的个人问题?),心理暴力的批评者经常试图找到一个容易道歉的出路。然而,虽然在心理领域解开原因很困难,但毫无疑问,各种歧视态度确实给代理人带来了一些心理压力:从童年起,这种感觉对所有人来说都是非常熟悉的。心理暴力也构成了一些重要且困难的道德困境。首先,将身体暴力与心理暴力行为作出反应是否合理?例如,我们可以原谅对心理暴力情况作出反应的血腥或身体暴力叛乱吗?甚至考虑一个简单的围攻案例,其中(至少部分地)涉及一些心理暴力:是否有理由以暴力的方式对围攻做出反应?刚刚提出的问题严重地歧视了那些辩论暴力的人。一方面,那些认为身体暴力是暴力行为的更高变种的人:通过实施身体暴力对心理暴力做出反应意味着暴力升级。另一方面,有些人认为,某些形式的心理暴力可能比任何形式的身体暴力都更加残暴:确实存在一些最恶劣形式的酷刑是心理上的,并且可能不会对其造成直接的物理伤害。折磨。虽然大多数人可能在他们生命的某个阶段成为某种形式的心理暴力的受害者,但如果没有适当的自我概念,很难制定有效的策略来应对这些暴力行为造成的损害。从心理创伤或伤害中治愈需要什么?如何培养自我的幸福?这些可能是哲学家,心理学家和社会科学家必须回答的最困难和最核心的问题,以培养个人的福祉。

新西兰奥塔哥大学心理学Essay代写:心理暴力

Violence is the core concept that describes the social relationship between human beings. This concept is full of ethical and political significance. However, what is violence? What form can it take? Can human life be free of violence, should it be? These are some of the problems that violent theory should solve. Other questions, such as why humans are violent? Or can violence be just fair? Or should humans pursue non-violence? Will be left for another occasion. In this article, we will discuss psychological violence, which will be different from physical violence and verbal violence. In the first approximation, psychological violence can be defined as the kind of violence involving the psychological harm of the infringed agent. You do have psychological violence, which means that at any time the agent will voluntarily bring some psychological pain to the agent. Psychological violence is compatible with physical or verbal violence. The harm caused to a person who has been sexually assaulted is not only the injury caused by her or her physical injury; the psychological trauma caused by the incident is part of the violence, which is a kind of psychological violence. From a political perspective, psychological violence is crucial. Racism and gender discrimination are indeed analysed as forms of violence against certain individuals by government or social factions. From a legal point of view, even if there is no material damage to the victims of racist acts, it is recognized that racism is a form of violence and an important tool for those who exert pressure on their people (ie, take some form of coercion). . The act is racism. On the other hand, because it is often difficult to assess psychological damage (who can judge whether a woman is suffering because of her acquaintance’s sexist behavior rather than her own personal problem?), critics of psychological violence often try to find An easy way to apologize. However, although it is difficult to solve the problem in the psychological field, there is no doubt that various discriminatory attitudes do bring some psychological pressure to the agent: from childhood, this feeling is very familiar to everyone. Psychological violence also constitutes some important and difficult moral dilemmas. First, is it reasonable to respond to physical and psychological violence? For example, can we forgive a bloody or physical violence rebellion that responds to psychological violence? Even consider a simple siege case, which involves (at least in part) some psychological violence: Is there a reason to respond to the siege in a violent manner? The questions just raised seriously discriminate against those who debate violence. On the one hand, those who believe that physical violence is a higher variant of violence: responding to psychological violence by implementing physical violence means escalating violence. On the other hand, some believe that some forms of psychological violence may be more brutal than any form of physical violence: there are some worst forms of torture that are psychological and may not cause direct physical harm. Torture. While most people may become victims of some form of psychological violence at some point in their lives, without proper self-concepts, it is difficult to develop effective strategies to deal with the damage caused by these acts of violence. What is needed to heal from psychological trauma or injury? How to cultivate self happiness? These may be the most difficult and central questions that philosophers, psychologists, and social scientists must answer in order to cultivate personal well-being.

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