1885年,一位名叫卡尔·奔驰的德国机械工程师设计并制造了世界上第一辆由内燃机驱动的实用汽车。一年后,奔驰于1886年1月29日获得了第一项燃气汽车专利(DRP No.37435)。这是一辆名为Motorwagen或Benz Patent Motorcar的三轮车。奔驰于1891年制造了他的第一辆四轮汽车。他创办了奔驰公司,并于1900年成为世界上最大的汽车制造商。他还成为世界上第一个合法授权的司机,当时巴登大公授予他这一荣誉。特别值得注意的是,尽管来自相对适度的背景,但他仍能够实现这些里程碑。 Benz参加了卡尔斯鲁厄语法学校和后来的卡尔斯鲁厄理工大学。他在卡尔斯鲁厄大学学习机械工程,并于1864年毕业,当时他才19岁。奔驰于1844年出生于德国巴登穆尔堡(现为卡尔斯鲁厄的一部分)。他是一名机车发动机司机的儿子,当奔驰才两岁时,他就去世了。尽管手段有限,但他的母亲确保他接受了良好的教育。奔驰开始研究二冲程发动机,希望建立新的收入来源。他不得不发明系统的许多部分,包括油门,点火,火花塞,化油器,离合器,散热器和换档。他于1879年获得了他的第一项专利。1871年,他与合伙人August Ritter建立了他的第一家公司,并将其称为“铁铸造和机加工车间”,这是一家建筑材料供应商。他于1872年与Bertha Ringer结婚,他的妻子将继续在他的生意中发挥积极作用,例如当他买下他的伴侣时,他已经变得不可靠了。 1883年,他创立了奔驰公司,在德国曼海姆生产工业发动机。然后,他开始设计一款基于Nicolaus Otto专利的四冲程发动机马达。奔驰设计了他的发动机和三轮车的车身,带有电子点火装置,差速器和水冷装置。他的妻子通过从曼海姆到普福尔茨海姆(Pforzheim)历史悠久的66英里之旅,帮助推广了Motorwagen,以展示其对家庭的实用性。当时,她不得不在药店购买汽油,并亲自手动修复几个故障。为此,每年举行一次名为Bertha Benz Memorial Route的古董汽车拉力赛,以纪念她。她的经验使奔驰为登山和刹车片增加了齿轮。 1885年,这辆车首先在曼海姆开车。它在试驾过程中达到了每小时8英里的速度。在获得汽油燃料汽车专利(DRP 37435)之后,他于1886年7月开始向公众出售汽车。巴黎自行车制造商Emile Roger将他们添加到他的车辆系列中并作为第一个商用车出售。汽车。 1893年,生产了1,200辆奔驰Velos,成为世界上第一款价格低廉,量产的汽车。它参加了1894年世界上第一次汽车比赛,排在第14位。奔驰还设计了1895年的第一辆卡车和第一辆汽车。他于1896年获得了拳击手扁平发动机设计专利。1903年,奔驰从奔驰公司退役。他从1926年起担任戴姆勒 – 奔驰股份公司监事会成员,直至去世。 Bertha和Karl一起生了五个孩子。卡尔·奔驰于1929年去世。

新西兰怀卡托大学历史学Assignment代写:奔驰和他的第一辆车

In 1885, a German mechanical engineer named Karl Benz designed and built the world’s first practical automobile powered by an internal-combustion engine. A year later, Benz received the first patent (DRP No. 37435) for a gas-fueled car on January 29, 1886. It was a three-wheeler called the Motorwagen or Benz Patent Motorcar. Benz built his first four-wheeled car in 1891. He started Benz & Company and by 1900 became the world’s largest manufacturer of automobiles. He also became the first legally licensed driver in the world, when the Grand Duke of Baden granted him the distinction. What’s especially remarkable was that he was able to achieve these milestones despite coming from a relatively modest background. Benz attended the Karlsruhe grammar school and later Karlsruhe Polytechnic University. He studied mechanical engineering at the University of Karlsruhe and graduated in 1864 when he was only 19 years old. Benz was born in 1844 in Baden Muehlburg, Germany (now part of Karlsruhe). He was the son of a locomotive engine driver who passed away when Benz was only two years old. Despite their limited means, his mother ensured he got a good education. Benz began his work on a two-stroke engine in hopes of establishing a new source of income. He had to invent many parts of the system as he went along, including the throttle, ignition, spark plugs, carburetor, clutch, radiator and gear shift. He received his first patent in 1879. In 1871, He founded his first company with partner August Ritter and called it the “Iron Foundry and Machine Shop,” a supplier of building materials. He married Bertha Ringer in 1872 and his wife would go on to play an active role in his business, such as when he bought out his partner, who had become unreliable. In 1883, he founded Benz & Company to produce industrial engines in Mannheim, Germany. He then began designing a motor carriage with a four-stroke engine based on Nicolaus Otto’s patent. Benz designed his engine and the body for the three-wheel vehicle with an electric ignition, differential gears, and water-cooling. His wife helped promote the Motorwagen by taking it on a historic 66-mile trip from Mannheim to Pforzheim to show its practicality for families. At the time, she had to purchase gasoline at pharmacies, and manually repair several malfunctions herself. For this, an annual antique auto rally called the Bertha Benz Memorial Route is now held annually in her honor. Her experience led to Benz adding gears for climbing hills and brake pads. In 1885, the car was first driven in Mannheim. It achieved the speed of eight miles per hour during a test drive. After receiving a patent for his gas-fueled automobile (DRP 37435), he began selling his automobile to the public in July of 1886. Parisian bicycle-maker Emile Roger added them to his line of vehicles and sold them as the first commercially-available automobile. In 1893, there were 1,200 Benz Velos produced, making it the world’s first inexpensive, mass-produced car. It participated in the world’s first automobile race in 1894, finishing in 14th place. Benz also designed the first truck in 1895 and the first motor bus. He patented the boxer flat engine design in 1896. In 1903, Benz retired from Benz & Company. He served as a member of the supervisory board of Daimler-Benz AG from 1926 until his death. Together, Bertha and Karl had five children. Karl Benz passed away in 1929.

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