Henrietta Swan Leavitt 1869年7月4日出生于马萨诸塞州,由George Roswell Leavitt和Henrietta Swan担任。对她的私人生活知之甚少。作为一名大学生,她学习了许多科目,在她后来成为拉德克利夫学院的岁月中爱上了天文学。她花了几年时间周游世界一些在波士顿地区的稳定回追求进一步的研究和工作astronomy.Leavitt从未结婚之前,被认为是严重的,教会相处的人,很少有时间浪费在生活的更加轻薄方面。她的同事形容她愉快和友善,她非常关注她正在做的工作的重要性。她开始失去她的听力作为一个年轻的女子,由于条件,只有拥有SHE time.In恶化1893年开始在哈佛大学天文台的天文学家附加税的指导下工作皮克林。他指挥了一群女性,简称为“电脑”。这些“计算机”通过研究天空的照片和编制恒星的特征来进行重要的天文学研究。望远镜不允许操作,这限制了他们进行自己的研究的能力。该项目通过仔细比较恒星,通过查看几星期相隔的恒星照片来寻找变星。 Leavitt使用了一种称为“眨眼比较器”的仪器,该仪器允许她测量恒星的亮度变化。克莱德汤博在二十世纪三十年代曾用于发现冥王星的仪器。起初,莱维特接下这个项目没有报酬(因为她有她自己的收入),但最终,她在三十美分率hour.Pickering一年了信贷多莱维特的作品被录用,建立在它自己的名声。

新西兰惠灵顿天文学代写:天文学家Henrietta Swan Leavitt的生平与发现

Henrietta Swan Leavitt was born on July 4, 1869, in Massachusetts to George Roswell Leavitt and Henrietta Swan. Little is known about her private life. As a college student, she studied a number of subjects, falling in love with astronomy during her years at what later became Radcliffe College. She spent some years traveling around the world before settling back in the Boston area to pursue further studies and work in astronomy.Leavitt never married and was considered a serious, church-going woman with little time to waste on more frivolous aspects of life. Her co-workers described her as pleasant and friendly, and very focused on the importance of the work she was doing. She began to lose her hearing as a young woman due to a condition that only worsened with time.In 1893 she began working at Harvard College Observatory under the direction of astronomer E.C. Pickering. He directed a group of women, dubbed merely as “computers”. These “computers” conducted important astronomy research by studying photograph plates of the sky and cataloging characteristics of stars. The women were not allowed to operate telescopes, which limited their ability to conduct their own research. The project involved careful comparisons of stars by looking at photographs of star fields taken several weeks apart to look for variable stars. Leavitt used an instrument called a “blink comparator” which allowed her to measure brightness changes of stars. It’s the same instrument that Clyde Tombaugh used in the 1930s to discover Pluto. At first, Leavitt took on the project for no pay (since she had her own income), but eventually, she was hired at a rate of thirty cents an hour.Pickering took credit for much of Leavitt’s work, building his own reputation on it.

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